This is a bibliography-in-progress of works in Western languages on the period of Chinese history between the end of the Han dynasty and the Sui reunification (220-589). The intent is to be as inclusive as possible, but it is likely that some works have been overlooked. Suggestions of additional titles to add can be sent to Ken Klein


Bibliography

Archaeology

ArtArt
Buddhist Influences
Landscape Painting
Cave Painting
Gu Kaizhi
Ceramics
Textiles
EconomicsAgriculture
Land Systems

Foreign Relations and Travel

HistoryHistory
Three Kingdoms
Cao Wei Dynasty
Cao Wei - Cao Cao
Cao Wei - Cao Pi
Shu Han Dynasty
Wu Dynasty
Six Dynasties
Jin Dynasty
Liu Song Dynasty
Southern Qi Dynasty
Liang Dynasty
Sixteen Kingdoms
Northern Han/Former Zhao State
Western Liang State
Former Yan State
Former Qin State
Northern Yan State
Northern Liang State
Northern Dynasties
Northern Wei Dynasty
Luoyang Qielanji
Northern Qi Dynasty
Northern Zhou Dynasty
Sui Dynasty

Language and Linguistics

LiteratureCao Zhi
Fan Ye
Liu Xie
Liu Yiqing
Pan Yue
Yang Xiong
Yu Xin
PoetryPoetry
Bao Zhao
Cao Tang
Liang Wudi
Lu Ji
Ruan Ji
Sun Zhuo
Tao Yuanming
Xi Kang
Xie Daoyun
Xie Huilian
Xie Lingyun
Xie Tiao
Zhong Hong

Military Technique

Pastoral Nomadic PeoplesPastoral Nomadic Peoples
Tuyuhun
Tujue
Xianbei
Xiongnu
Philosophy and ThoughtPhilosophy
Yan Zhitui

Population

ReligionReligion
Buddhism
Buddhism: Persecution
Buddhism: Hui Jiao
Hui Neng
Buddhism: Shi Huiyuan
Buddhism: Zhu Daosheng
Chan Buddhism
Pure Land Buddhism
Huiyuan
Tiantai Buddhism
Manichaeism
Taoism
Ge Hong
Wang Bi

Science and Medicine

TunhuangTunhuang
Art
Manuscripts

Bibliography

 

Berkowitz, Alan. "Literary Studies of the Southern and Northern Dynasties--A Note on a Few Helmsmen and on Navigating the Who, What, and When." Early Medieval China 8 (2002): 137-149.

Berkowitz, Alan. "A Selective Bibliography of Recent Chinese Books on Early Medieval Literature." Early Medieval China 8 (2002): 151-166.

Cai, Xuehai. "Research on Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties history from Taiwan and Hong Kong." Early Medieval China 4 (1998): 83-150. [translated by Ken Klein]

Chennault, Cynthia L. "An Annotated Bibliography of Western Works on Early Medieval China (1997-2001)." Early Medieval China 8 (2002): 99-136.

Dien, Albert. "Six dynasties bibliography in Western languages, 1970-1980." Nan-pei-ch'ao studies 4 (1980): 111-9. Reprinted in: Early Medieval China 5 (1999):110-8.

Enomoto, Ayuchi. "Wei-Jin Nanbeichao studies in Japan (1992)." Early Medieval China 2 (1995-96):118-134. [translated by John Lee]

Hung, Shun-lung, ed. Bibliography of Chinese and foreign studies on literature of the Six dynasties. Taipei: Center for Chinese Studies, 1992.

Ishii, Hitoshi. "Wei-Jin Nanbeichao studies in Japan in 1993." Early Medieval China 3 (1997):89-109. [translated by John Lee]

Klein, Ken. "Bibliography of Western works on early medieval China (1981-1993)." 

Part 1 (art, history, language, literature, and pastoral nomadic peoples): Early Medieval China 1 (1994):150-60. 

Part 2 (philosophy, religion, and Tunhuang): Early Medieval China 2 (1995-96):135-44.

Klein, Ken. "Bibliography of Western works on early medieval China (1994-96)." Early Medieval China 3 (1997):110-6.

Kubozoe Yoshifumi. "Japanese research in recent years on the history of Wei, Chin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties." Acta Asiatica 60 (1991): 104-134.

Lu, Xiuwen. "Studies of Wei-Jin Nanbeichao (A.D. 220-589) history in mainland China (1990-1991) : a bibliographical review." Early Medieval China 1(1994):97-111. [translated by Victor Xiong]

Noda, Toshiaki. "Japanese studies on Wei-Jin Nanbeichao history in 1991." Early Medieval China 1(1994):112-127. [translated by John Lee]

Pearce, Scott. "A survey of recent research in Western languages on the history of early medieval China." Early Medieval China 1(1994):128-149.

Teranishi, Yoshiharu. "Wei-Jin Nanbeichao studies in Japan in 1994." Early Medieval China 5 (1999):92-109. [translated by John Lee]

 

 

Archaeology

 

Capon, Edmund. "Chinese tomb figures of the six dynasties period," Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society 41 (1975-77):279-308.

Choi, Sung-rak. "The iron age culture in southern Korea and its Chinese connection." Korea Journal 36:4 (Winter 1996):28- 38.

Ci County Cultural Museum Staff. "An Eastern Wei tomb at Dongchen Village, Ci County, Hebei province," Chinese Studies in Archaeology Fall 1979:79-101. Translation by Barry L. Gartell of article in Kaogu June 1977.

Dien, Albert E.; Riegel, Jeffrey K.; Price, Nancy T., eds. Chinese archaeological abstracts: 4, post Han. [Monumenta archaeologica 11]. Los Angeles: Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1985.

Herold, Robert J. "A family of post-Han ritual bronze vessels," Artibus Asiae 37:4 (1975):259-279

Hua, Rende. "Eastern Jin epitaphic stones: with some notes on the 'Lanting Xu' debate." Early Medieval China 3 (1997):30-88.

Ierusalimskaia, A. A. Von China nach Byzanz : fruhmittelalterliche Seiden aus der Staatlichen Ermitage Sankt Petersburg. ["From China to Byzantium: early medieval silk in the Hermitage, St. Petersburg"] (Catalog of the exhibition, Von China nach Byzanz, held Oct. 25, 1996-Jan. 26, 1997 at the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich). Munchen : Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, 1996. 108 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm.

Kuhn, Dieter, etc. Arbeitsmaterialien aus chinesischen Ausgrabungsberichten (1988-1991) zu Grabern aus der Han- bis Tang-Zeit. Wurzburger Sinologische Schriften, [analyze articles]

Lazarev, G.Z. "Osnovnye osobennosti razvitiia arkhitektury Kitaia i IAponii v period rannego i razvitogo feodalizma (VI-XII vv)" (Fundamental peculiarities of the development of architecture of China and Japan in the period of early and developed feudalism (VI-XII centuries), Narody Azii i Afriki 4 (1972):104-11.

Li, Ling. "An archaeological study of Taiyi (Grand One) worship." Early Medieval China 2(1995-96):1-39.

Mizuno, Seiichi. "Archaeological survey of the Yun-kang grottoes," Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America 4 (1950):39-60.

Pak, Yangjin. "Archaeological evidence of Puyo society in northeast China." Korea Journal 36:4 (Winter 1996):39-54.

Rudolph, Richard C., ed. Chinese archaeological abstracts. Los Angeles: Institute of Archaeology, University of California, 1978.

Yin, Wen-tsu. "Restoration of the Yunkang caves," Chinese Literature 5 (1978):104-11.

Zhao, Chao. "Stone inscriptions of the Wei-Jin Nanbeichao period." Early Medieval China 1(1994):84-96. [translated by Victor Xiong]

 

 

Art

 

Acker, William Reynolds Beal. Some T'ang and pre-T'ang texts on Chinese painting, translated and annotated. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1954-74.

Bush, Susan. "Floral motifs and vine scrolls in Chinese art of the late fifth to early sixth centuries, A.D.," Artibus Asiae 38:1 (1976):49-83.

Bush, Susan. "Thunder monsters and wind spirits in early sixth century China and the epitaph tablet of Lady Yuan," Boston Museum Bulletin 367 (1967):24-55.

Bush, Susan. "Thunder monsters, auspicious animals, and floral ornament in early sixth century China," Ars Orientalis 10 (1975): 19-33.

Chen, Kenneth K.S. "Inscribed stelae during the Wei, Chin, and Nan-ch'ao." In: Studia Asiatica: essays in Asian studies in felicitation of the seventy-fifth anniversary of Professor Ch'en Shou-yi, L.G. Thompson, ed. San Francisco : 1975. pp.75-84

Chih Kung. "A brief note on the lacquer screen painting of Northern Wei," Renditions 6 (1976):53-62. Translated by Mayching Kao.

Fong, Mary H. "The technique of 'chiaroscura' in Chinese painting from Han through T'ang," Artibus Asiae 38 (1976):91-126.

Hou, Ching-lang. "La sculpture des Ts'in," Arts Asiatique 33 (1977):133-81.

Juliano, Annette L. Art of the six dynasties: centuries of change and innovation (exhibition: October 29, 1975 through February 1, 1976). New York: China House Gallery, 1975.

Karetzky, Patricia Eichenbaum. "A scene of the Taoist afterlife on a sixth century sarcophagus discovered in Loyang." Artibus Asiae 44:1 (1983): 5-20.

Kung, Chih. "A brief note on the lacquer screen painting of Northern Wei," (translated by Mayching Kao) Renditions 6 (Spring 1976):53-62. Also in: The translation of art: essays on Chinese painting and poetry, edited by James C.Y. Watt (Hong Kong: Centre for Translation Projects, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1976). pp. 53-62.

Laing, Ellen Johnston. "Neo-Taoism and the 'seven sages of the bamboo grove' in Chinese painting," Artibus Asiae 36:1-2 (1974):5-54.

Laretzky, Patricia Eichenbaum. "The engraved designs on the late sixth century sarcophagus of Li Ho." Artibus Asiae 47:2 (1986): 81-106.

Ledderose, Lothar. "Some Taoist elements in the calligraphy of the Six Dynasties." T'oung Pao 70:4-5 (1984).

Lui Shou Kwan. "The six canons of Hsieh Ho," Oriental Art 17 (1971):144-7, 252-5.

Marchand, Ernesta. "The development of the aureole in China in the Six Dynasties period," Oriental Art 20 (1974):66-74.

Nelson, Susan E. "On through the beyond: the peach blossom spring as paradise." Archives of Asian Art 39 (1986): 23-47.

Rawson, Jessica. "The lotus and the dragon: sources of Chinese design A.D. 400-1400." Apollo 121:2 (April 1985): 220-227.

Riddell, Sheila. Dated Chinese antiquities, 600-1650. London ; Boston : Faber and Faber, 1979. 256 p.

Sakanishi, Shio. The spirit of the brush, being the outlook of Chinese painters on nature, from the Eastern Chin to the Five Dynasties, A.D. 317-960. London: John Murray, 1939.

Spiro, Audrey. Contemplating the Ancients: Aesthetic and Social Issues in Early Chinese Portraiture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. 259p.

Reviews

Bokenkamp, Stephen R. Journl of Asian Studies 50:2 (May 1991): 401-403.

"Stone Sculptures of the Northern Wei Dynasty." Arts of Asia 25:5 (1995):134.

Wu, Hung. Monumentality in early Chinese art and architecture. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.

Reviews

Bagley, Robert. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 58:1 (June 1998):221-56.

Lachman, Charles. Journal of Asian Studies 56:1 (February 1997):194-6.

Yao, Qian & Gu Bing. The art of the six dynasties. Beijing: Wen Wu, 1982.

 

 

Art - Buddhist Influences

 

Esin, Emel. Antecedents and development of Buddhist and Manichaean Turkish art in Eastern Turkestan and Kansu. (The handbook of Turkish culture, supplement to volume II, section of the history of art. Istanbul: Milli Egitim Basimevi, 1967.

Lai, Ming-chiu. "On the procession in China from the second to the sixth centuries A.D.: an interpretation of an elephant sculpture at the Kongwangshan site." In: Politics and Religion in Ancient and Medieval Europe and China, edited by Frederick Hok-ming Cheung and Ming-chiu Lai (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1999), pp. 41-75.

Liu, Hongshi. "Early Chinese Buddhist stone carvings." Chinese Literature 4 (April 1982): 130-135.

Rhie, Marylin M. "Late Sui Buddhist sculpture: a chronology and regional analysis." Archives of Asian Art 35 (1982): 27-54.

Rhie, Marylin M. "Some aspects of the relation of 5th- century Chinese Buddha images with sculpture from North India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia," East and West 26:3-4 (September-December 1976):439-61.

Soper, Alexander C. Literary evidence for early Buddhist art in China. Ascona, Switzerland: Artibus Asiae Publishers, 1959.

Wu, Hung. "Buddhist elements in early Chinese art (2nd and 3rd centuries A.D.)." Artibus Asiae 47:3-4 (1986): 263-352.

 

 

Art - Landscape Painting

 

Birnbaum, Raoul. "Buddhist meditation teachings and the birth of `pure' landscape painting in China." Society for the Study of Chinese Religions Bulletin 9 (Fall 1981): 42-58.

Bush, Susan. "Chin literati painting and landscape traditions." National Palace Museum Bulletin 21:4-5 (Sep/Oct-Nov/Dec 1986) 1-25.

Hurvitz, Leon. "Tsung Ping's comments on landscape painting," Artibus Asiae 32 (1970):146-56

Leeming, Frank. "Official landscapes in traditional China," Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 22 (1980):153-204.

 

 

Art - Cave Painting

 

Caswell, James D. "The 'Thousand-Buddha' pattern in caves XIX and XVI at Yun-kang," Ars Orientalis 10 (1975):35-54.

Chen, C.M. Buddha's statues in the Yunkang caves. Berkeley: [the author], 1977.

Gabain, A. Annemarie von. "Types of arhats on a series of wall paintings from Turfan," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 33 (1975):161-9.

Huntington, John C. "The iconography and iconology of the 'Tan Yao' caves at Yungang." Oriental Art 32:2 (Summer 1986): 142-160.

Knauer, Elfriede Regina. The fifth century A.D. Buddhist cave temples at Yun-kang, North China: a look at their western connections." Expedition 25:4 (Summer 1983): 27-46.

 

 

Art - Gu Kaizhi

 

Chen, Shih-hsiang, transl. Biography of Ku K'ai-chih (Jin Shu 92. 21a-22a). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.

McCausland, Shane. First masterpiece of Chinese painting: the admonitions scroll. New York: George Braziller, Publishers, 2003.

Shek, Johnny. "A study of Ku K'ai-chih's 'Hua Yun T'ai Shan Chi'," Oriental Art 18:4 (1972):381-4.

Shih Hsio-yen. "Poetry illustration and the works of Ku K'ai-chih," Renditions 6 (1976):6-29. [Also in: The translation of art: essays on Chinese painting and poetry, edited by James C.Y. Watt. Hong Kong: Centre for Translation Projects, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1976. pp.6-29.]

Spiro, Audrey. "Creating ancestors," In Gu Kaizhi and the admonitions scroll, edited by Shane McCausland. London: The British Museum Press in association with the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, The Trustees of the British Museum, 2003.

Spiro, Audrey. "New light on Gu Kaizhi," Journal of Chinese Religions 16 (1988): 1-17.

Spiro, Audrey. "Of noble ladies and notable conventions: the search for Gu Kaizhi," In Studies in early medieval Chinese literature and cultural history: in honor of Richard B. Mather and Donald Holzman, edited by Paul Kroll and David R. Knechtges. Provo, Utah: T'ang Studies Society, 2003. pp. 213-257.

 

 

Art - Ceramics

 

Lovell, Hin-cheung. "Some northern Chinese ceramic wares of the sixth and seventh centuries," Oriental Art 21:4 (Winter 1975): 328-43.

Mino, Yutaka and Patricia Wilson. An index to Chinese ceramic kiln sites from the six dynasties to the present. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1973.

Schloss, Ezekiel. Ancient Chinese ceramic sculpture from Han through T'ang. Stamford, CN: Castle Publishing Co., 1977.

 

 

Art - Textiles

 

Sheng, Angela. "Innovations in textile techniques on China's Northwestern frontier, 500-700 AD," Asia Major (Third Series) 11:2 (1998):117-160.

 

 

Economics - Agriculture

 

Amano, Motonosuke. "Dry farming and the Ch'i-min yao-shu." In: Silver Jubilee volume of the Zinbun Kagaku Kenkyusyo (Kyoto: Kyoto University, 1954), 451-65.

Bray, Francesca. "Swords into plowshares: a study of agricultural technology and society in early China," Technology and Culture 19:1 (January 1978):1-31.

Han, Fu-chih. "The economic thought of Fu Hsuan and Fu Hsien," Bulletin of the National Compilation and Translation Committee 1:4 (December 1972).

Herzer, Christine. "Chia Szu-hsieh, der Verfasser des Ch'i- min yao-shu," Oriens Extremus 19:1-2 (December 1972):27-30.

Shih, Sheng-han. A preliminary survey of the book Ch'i min yao shu: an agricultural encyclopaedia of the 6th century. Beijing: Science Press, 1974.

Trombert, Eric. "Des fleurs rouges en galette, une plante tinctoriale dans la Chine ancienne: le carthame." Journal Asiatique 285:2 (1997):509-47.

 

 

Economics - Land Systems

 

Lee, John. "The original equal field: the regulations." Early Medieval China Group, Newsletter 1 (1988).

Lin, Tien-wai. "Some thoughts on the development of chuang- yuan system in the medieval China," Chinese Culture 18:1 (March 1977):17-21.

Tiurin, Alksandr IUr'evich. "K voprosu of fomah ekspoitatsii zemledel'tsev v Kitae v III-VIII vv" (Towards the question of the background of the exploitation of farmers in the China of the III-VIII centuries), Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriia Vostokoved 14:1 (1970):46-52.

Tiurin, Alksandr IUr'evich. Formirovanie feodal'no- zavisimogo krest'ianstva v Kitae v III-VIII vv. (Formation of feudal dependency of the peasantry in China in the 3rd-8th centuries). Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Institut Nauchnoi Informatsii po obshchestvennym Naukam, 1980.

Yamamoto, Tatsuro. "Tzu-t'ien or own land as seen in census registers from Tun-huang (1)," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 35 (1977):85-109.

 

 

Foreign Relations and Travel

 

Hong, Wontaek. Paekche of Korea and the origin of Yamato Japan. Seoul: Kudara International, 1994.

Reviews

Nelson, Sarah M. Journal of Asian Studies 54:3 (August 1995): 850-1.

Ikeuchi, Hiroshi. "A study on Lo-lang and Tai-fang, ancient Chinese prefectures in Korean peninsula," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 5 (1930):79-95.

Leland, Charles Godfrey. Fusang; or, the discovery of America by Chinese Buddhist priests in the fifth century. (Reprint of the 1875 edition) London: Curzon Press, 1973.

Leslie, D.D. and Gardiner, K.J.H. "'All roads lead to Rome': Chinese knowledge of the Roman Empire." Journal of Asian History 29:1(1995):61-81.

Miller, R.A., trans. Accounts of Western nations in the history of Northern Chou dynasty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

Pan, Yihong. "Marriage alliances and Chinese princesses in international politics from Han through T'ang," Asia Major (Third Series) 10:1/2 (1997):95-131.

Perelomov, L.S. "China and Vietnam from the third century B.C. to the third century A.D." In Tikhvinsky, S.L. and Perelomov, L.S., ed. China and her neighbors, from ancient times o the Middle Ages: a collection of essays. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1981. pp. 59-70.

Reinaud, Joseph Toussaint. Relations politiques et commerciales de l'Empire romain avec l'Asie orientale (l'Hyrcanie , l'Inde, la Bactriane et la Chines) pendant les cinq premiers siecles de l'ere chretienne, d'apres les temoignages latins, grecs, arabes, persans, indiens et chinois. (Reprint of 1863 edition) New York: B. Franklin, 1973.

Sarkar, Himansu Bhusan. "The travails of foreign journey between Eastern India and China in the ancient and early medieval periods," Journal of Indian History 52:1 (April 1974):101-25.

Skaff, Jonathan Karam. "Sasanian and Arab-Sasanian silver coins from Turfan: their relationship to international trade and the local economy," Asia Major (Third Series) 11:2 (1998):67-115.

Wang, Zhenping. "Speaking with a forked tongue : diplomatic correspondence between China and Japan, 238-608 A.D." Journal of the American Oriental Society 114:1(January-March 1994):23-32.

Zhang, Guangda and Rong, Xinjiang. "A concise history of the Turfan oasis and its exploration," Asia Major (Third Series) 11:2 (1998):13-36.

 

 

History

 

Bielenstein, Hans. "Notes on the Shui Ching," Bulletin of The Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities Stockholm 65 (1993): 257-?.

Bingham, Woodbridge. "High politics and family in seventh century China: an aspect of the relations between emperor and ministers in pre-modern Chinese history," Journal of Oriental Studies 10 (1972):62-67.

Bokenkamp, Stephen R. "The peach flower font and the grotto passage." Journal of the American Oriental Society 106:1 (January-March 1986): 65-78.

Cahill, Suzanne. "Sex and the supernatural in medieval China." Journal of the American Oriental Society 105:2 (April-June 1985): 197-220.

Cartier, Michel. "Une tradition urbaine: les villes dans la Chine antique et medievale," Annales (economies-societes- civilisations) 25:4 (July/August 1970):831-41.

Cutter, Robert Joe. "The death of Empress Zhen: fiction and historiography in early medieval China." Journal of the American Oriental Society 112:4 (Oct-Dec 1992): 577-583.

Declercq, Dominik. Writing Against the State: Political Rhetorics in Third and Fourth Century China. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1998.

DeWoskin, Kenneth J. "A source guide to the lives and techniques of Han and six dynasties Fang-shih." Society for the Study of Chinese Religions Bulletin 9 (Fall 1981): 79-105.

Dien, Albert E. "Chiang-yu/Chiang-tso: a problem in historical geography," Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (1962):376-83.

Dien, Albert E., ed. State and Society in Early Medieval China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990. 414p.

Reviews

Xiong, Victor Cunrui. Journal of Asian Studies 51:3 (August 1992): 641-642.

Eichhorn, W. "Zur chinesischen Kulturgeschichte des 3 und 4 Jahrhunderts," Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft 91 (1937): 451-83. .

Eisenberg, Andrew. "Kinship, power and the Hsuan-wu Men Incident of the T'ang." T'oung Pao 80:4-5(1994):223-59.

Forte, Antonino. The hostage An Shigao and his offspring: an Iranian family in China. [Italian School of East Asian Studies Occasional Papers: 6]. Kyoto: Istituto Italiano di Cultura, Scuola di Studi sull'Asia Orientale, 1995. 152p

Reviews

Zurcher, Erik. T'oung Pao 84:1-3 (1998):173-7

Frankel, Hans H.C. Catalogue of translations from the Chinese dynastic histories for the period 220-960. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.

Goodman, Howard L. "The calligrapher Chung Yu (ca.163-230) and the demographics of a myth." Journal of the American Oriental Society 114:4(October-December 1994):555-71.

Goodrich, Chauncy S., trans. Biography of So Ch'o (translation from the Jin Shu). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

Goodrich, Chauncy S., trans. Biography of Su Ch'o (translation from the Zhou Shu). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.

Gurevich, I.S. and Zograf, I.T., ed. Khrestomatiya po istorii kitaiskogo yazuika, III-XV vv. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1982. 198p.

Haloun, G. "The Liang-chou rebellion," Asia Major 1 (1949-50):119-32.

Hansen, Valerie. Negotiating daily life in traditional China: how ordinary people used contracts, 600-1400. New Haven, Conn. and London: Yale University Press, 1995. 285p.

Reviews

Jay, Jennifer W. Journal of Asian Studies 55:3 (August 1996):718-9.

Henderson, Keith M. "The Han-Sui bureaucratic system in ancient China." Philippine Journal of Public Administration (9:3 (1965).

Holcombe, Charles. "The bonds of empire: liberty in Early Medieval China." The Historian; a journal of history 54:4 (Summer 1992):609-626.

Holcombe, Charles. "The exemplar state: ideology, self-cultivation, and power in fourth-century China." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49:1 (June 1989): 93-139.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "The economic foundations of virtue: widow-remarriage in early and modern China." Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 13 (January 1985): 1-27.

Holzman, Donald. "The cold food festival in early medieval China." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 46:1 (June 1986): 51-79.

Holzman, Donald. "Les debuts du systeme medieval de choix et de classement des fontionnaires: les neuf categories et l'impartial et juste." Melanges publies par l'Institut des hautes etudes chinoises, volume 1. Paries: University of Paris, 1957.

Honey, David B. "Sinification as Statecraft in Conquest Dynasties of China : Two Early Medieval Case Studies." Journal of Asian History 30:2 (1996): 115-51.

Jiao, Jian. "Culture from the third to sixth centuries," China Reconstructs 28:7 (July 1979):61-4.

Jiao, Jian. "The Northern and Southern Dynasties," China Reconstructs 28:6 (June 1979):68-70.

Johnson, David G. The medieval Chinese oligarchy. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1977.

Klubien, Jorgen, ed. Bumbusborgerne I.V. del: Chu shu chi nien en uafkortet oversaettelse fra kinesisk med inledning og forklarende noter, etc. Copenhagen: Nyt nordisk forflag, 1965.

Knechtges, David R. "Gradually entering the realm of delight: food and drink in early medieval China." Journal of the American Oriental Society 117:2 (April-June 1997):229-239.

Koga, Noboru. "(Eastern history:) China--the Six Dynasties, Sui and T'ang." In: Recent trends in Japanese historiography: bibliographical essays; Japn at the XIIIth International Congress of Historical Sciences in Moscow. Tokyo: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 1970. pp. 180-90.

Kryukov M.V., Malyavin V.V., Sofronov M.V. Kitaiskiy etnos na poroge srednih vekov (Chinese ethnos on the border of the Middle ages). Moscow: Nauka, 1979.

Malyavin V.V. Gibel drevnei imperii (The end of the ancient empire). Moscow: Nauka, 1983.

Marney, John. Chiang Yen. Boston: Twayne, 1981. 174p.

Maspero, Henri. Le roman de Sou Ts'in. Etudes Asiatiques (1925): 127-42.

Miscevic, Dusanka D. "Oligarchy or Social Mobility: A Study of the Great Clans of Early Medieval China," Bulletin of The Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities Stockholm 65 (1993): 5-256.

Muller, Shing. Yezhongji : eine Quelle zur materiellen Kultur in der stadt Ye im 4. Jahrhundert. ["Yezhongji: a spring of material culture from the state of Ye, in the 4th century"] [Munchener Ostasiatische Studien, Band 65] Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1993. 188p.

Reviews

Declercq, D. T'oung Pao 80:1-3(1994):175-8.

Ochi, Shigeaki. "Thoughts on the understanding of the Han and the Six Dynasties," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 35 (1977):1-73.

Pfizmaier, August. Die Machthaber Hoan-wen und Hoan-hiuen. Vienna: Karl Gerold's Sohn, 1877.

Pokora, Timoteus. "Living corpses in early mediaeval China-sources and opinions." In Naundorf, Gert; Pohl, Karl-Heinz; Schmidt, Hans-Hermann, eds. Religion und Philosophie in Ostasien: Festschrift fur Hans Steininger zum 65. Geburtstag. Wurzburg: Konigshausen + Neumann, 1985. pp. 343-357.

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig. The scholar-official and his community : the character of the aristocracy in medieval China." Early Medieval China 1(1994):60-83. [translated by Thomas Jansen]

Silk, Mitchell A. "The apotheosis of Kuan Yu." Asian Culture Quarterly 11:2 (Summer 1983): 41-47.

Somers, Robert M. "The society of early imperial China: three recent studies (review of Han Social Structure by Ch'u T'ung-tsu; the Medieval Chinese Oligarchy by D.G. Johnson, and the Aristocratic Families of Early Imperial China by P.B. Ebrey)." Journal of Asian Studies 38:1 (November 1978):127-42.

Tanigawa, Michio. Medieval Chinese society and the local "community." Translated, with an introduction by Joshua A. Fogel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. 141p.

Reviews

Grafflin, Dennis. American Historical Review 94:4 (October 1989): 1152-1153.

Zurndorfer, Harriet. China Quarterly 111 (September 1987): 492.

Tanigawa, Michio. "Problems concerning the Japanese periodization of Chinese history." Journal of Asian History 21:2 (1987):150-168.

Tanigawa, Michio. "Rethinking 'medieval China'." Early Medieval China 3 (1997):1-29.

Twitchett, Denis Crispin. Druckkunst und Verlagswesen im mittelalterlichen China. [translation of "Printing and publishing in medieval China" (London: Wynkyn de Worde Society, 1983)] [Wolfenbutteler Schriften zur Geschichte des Buchwesens ; Bd. 22]. Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, in Kommission, 1994. 102 p.

Wallacker, Benjamin E. "Chang Fei's preface to the Chin code of law." T'oung Pao 72:4-5 (1986): 229-268.

Wallacker, Benjamin E. "Dethronement and due process in early imperial China." Journal of Asian History 21:1 (1987): 48-67.

 

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History - Three Kingdoms

 

Brewitt-Taylor, C.H. "The San-kuo," China Review 19:3 (1890):168-78. .

de Crespigny, Rafe. "The military geography of the Yangtse and the early history of the Three Kingdoms state of Wu," Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia 4:1 (June 1966):61-76.

de Crespigny, Rafe. The records of the Three Kingdoms: a study in the historiography of San-kuo chih. Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1970.

Reviews

Chen Journal of Asian Studies 30:3 (1971):658-9.

Schreiber Monumenta Serica 29 (1970-71):763-4.

Koster Si 12 (1971-72):198-9

Leban, Carl. Journal of the American Oriental Society 92:2 (1972).

de Crespigny, Rafe, transl. To establish peace : being the chronicle of Later Han for the years 189 to 220 AD as recorded in chapters 59 to 69 of the Zizhi tongjian of Sima Guang. Canberra: Faculty of Asian Studies, Australian National University, 1996. 2 v. 

Click here for a discussion of the military organisation of Later Han, excerpted from the book's introduction.

Reviews

Holcombe, Charles. Early Medieval China 4 (1998):166-9.

Cutter, Robert Joe and William Gordon Crowell, translators. Empresses and consorts: selections from Chen Shou's Records of the Three States with Pei Songzhi's commentary. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1999.

Reviews

Hardy, Grant. Early Medieval China 6 (2000):124-127.

Fang, Achilles, trans. The chronicle of the Three Kingdoms (220-265). Chapters 69-78 from the Zizhi Tongjian by Sima Guang. v.1: Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

Reviews

Leban, Carl. Journal of the American Oriental Society 86:2 (1966).

Gutzlaff, C. "Notice of the San kwo che or History of the Three Kingdoms, during a period of one hundred and forty seven years, from A.D. 170 to 317," Chinese Repository 7 ( ):233-

Han, Fu-chih. "Economic thought and policies of China during the Three Kingdoms period," Bulletin of the National Compilation and Translation Committee 4:2 (December 1975).

Jiao, Jian. "Troublous times--Three Kingdoms, Western and Eastern Jin," China Reconstructs 28:5 (May 1979):75-8.

Killigrew, John W. "The role of the mou-shi in the Sanguo Zhi." Journal of Asian History 32:1 (1998):49-67.

Shen, Yueh. "Historical characters should be analyzed: briefly about the Legalists during the San Kuo (Three Kingdoms) period," Selections from People's Republic of China Magazines 810 (February 24, 1975):13-7.

 

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History - Cao Wei Dynasty

 

Cutter, Robert Joe. "The incident at the gate: Cao Zhi, the succession, and literary fame." T'oung Pao 71:4-5 (1985).

Gardiner, K.H.J. "The Kung-sun warriors of Liao-tung (189-238)," Papers on Far Eastern History 5 (March 1972): 59-107; and 6 (September 1972):141-201.

Ho, Tzu-ch'uan. "Early development of manorial economy in Wei and Tsin." In: Chinese Social History, edited by E-Tu Zen Sun and John DeFrancis. Washington, D.C.: American Council of Learned Societies, 1956.

Holzman, Donald. "Ts'ao Chih and the immortals." Asia Major third series 1:1 (1988).

Ikeuchi, Hiroshi. "The Chinese expeditions to Manchuria under the Wei dynasty," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 4 (1929):71-119.

Ikeuchi, Hiroshi. "The establishment of Tai-fang prefecture by the Kung-suns and Lo-lang and Tai-fang prefectures as under the Wei dynasty," in Shi-en 2:6 (September 1929).

History--Cao Wei dynasty--Cao Cao

Cao Cao. "Tsao Tsao and others: poems." Chinese Literature 2 (1979):94-108.

de Crespigny, Rafe. Man from the Margin: Cao Cao and the Three Kingdoms. Canberra: The Australian National University, 1990. 42p. 

Click here for the text of a public lecture given by Rafe de Crespigny on Cao Cao in 1990.

de Crespigny, Rafe. "Civil War in Early China: Ts'ao Ts'ao at the Battle of Kuan-tu," Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia 5:1-2 (December 1967)51-64

de Crespigny, Rafe. "The Chinese Warlord in Fact and Fiction: a study of Ts'ao Ts'ao," Bulletin of the Chinese Historical Association, Taipei, 4 (1972):304-328 [translated into Chinese by Lu Jianrong, Cao Cao, Taipei 1980, 195-217]

Eikenberry, Karl W. "Cao Cao: Ancient China's Military Master." Military history 12:1 (April 1995):38.

Kuan Yu-chien. Cao Caos Leben und seine gegenwartige Bewertung. Mitteilungen, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur-und Volker-kunde Ostasiens e.V., Hamburg und Tokyo, volume 70. Hamburg: 1970.

Kuo, Mo-jo. "A reappraisal of the case of Ts'ao Ts'ao." Chinese Studies in History and Philosophy 1:4 (1968).

Wen, Chun. "Tsao Tsao and his poetry." Chinese literature 3 (1975):102-8.

Wu, An-chia. "The new image of Ts'ao Ts'ao: controversies over the reappraisal of historical figures," Issues and studies 11:11 (November 1975):39-47. 

 

 

History - Cao Wei Dynasty: Cao Pi

 

Goodman, Howard L. Ts'ao P'i transcendant: the political culture of dynasty-founding in China at the end of the Han. Seattle, WA and Richmong, Surrey, England: Scripta Serica, 1998. 249p.

Reviews

Holcombe, Charles. Journal of Asian Studies 59:1 (February 2000): 151-3.

Leban, Carl. "Managing heaven's mandate: coded communication in the accession of Ts'ao P'i, A.D. 220." In: David T. Roy and Tsien Tsuen-hsuin, ed. Ancient China: studies in early civilization. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1978. pp. 315-42.

 

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History - Shu Han Dynasty

 

Henry, Eric. "Chu-ko Liang in the eyes of his contemporaries." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 52:2 (December 1992): 589-612.

Killigrew, John. "Zhuge Liang and the northern campaign of 228-234." Early medieval China 5 (1999):55-91.

 

 

History - Wu Dynasty

 

de Crespigny, Rafe. The Biography of Sun Chien, Occasional Paper No. 5 of the Centre of Oriental Studies, Australian National University, 1966. 99 pp.

de Crespigny, Rafe. Generals of the South: the Foundation and Early History of the Three Kingdoms State of Wu. [Faculty of Asian Studies Monographs (New Series) : 16] Canberra: The Australian National University, 1990. 713p. 

Click here for the full text of chapter one.

de Crespigny, Rafe. "The Military Geography of the Yangtse and the Early History of the Three Kingdoms State of Wu," Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia 4.1 (June 1966):61-76

 

 

History - Six Dynasties

 

Clark, Hugh R. Community, Trade and Networks: Southern Fujian Province from the Third to the Thirteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. 266p.

Reviews

Dien, Albert E. The Historian 55:1 (Autumn 1992): 115-116.

Golas, Peter J. Journal of Asian Studies 51:2 (May 1992): 377-378.

Crowell, William G. "Social unrest and rebellion in Jiangnan during the Six Dynasties." Modern China 9:3 (July 1983): 319-354.

Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. The aristocratic families of early imperial China: a case study of the Po-ling Ts'ui family. [Cambridge Studies in Chinese History, Literature and Institutions] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Reviews

Dien, Albert E. Journal of Asian History 13.1 (1979):78-80.

Dalby Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 40 (1980):249-63.

Grafflin, Dennis. "The great family in medieval South China." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 41:1 (1981): 65-74.

Grafflin, Dennis. "The onomastics of medieval South China: patterned naming in the Lang-Yeh and T'ai-Yuan Wang." Journal of the American Oriental Society 103:2 (April-June 1983): 383-398.

Grafflin, Dennis. "Reinventing China: pseudobureaucracy in the early Southern dynasties." In: State and Society in Early Medieval China, edited by Albert E. Dien. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Holcombe, Charles. In the shadow of the Han: literati thought and society at the beginning of the southern dynasties. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. 238p.

Reviews

Hsu, Cho-yun. American historical review 101:5 (1996):1596.

Klein, Ken. Early Medieval China 5 (1999):137-8.

Honey, David B. "Early Nanjing in History and Poetry." Journal of the American Oriental Society 115:1 (1995):15-

Kawakatsu, Yoshio. "L'aristocratic et la societe feodale au debut des Six Dynasties." Zinbun: Memoirs of the Research Institute for Humanistic Studies (Kyoto) 17 (1981): 107-160.

Kawakatsu, Yoshio. "La decadence de l'aristocratie chinoise sous les Dynasties du Sud," Acta Asiatica 21 (1971):13-38.

Lee, Jen-der. "The life of women in the Six Dynasties," Journal of Women and Gender Studies 4 (1993):47-80.

Nanjing Museum. "Two tombs of the Southern Dynasties at Huqiao and Jianshan in Danyang County, Jiangsu Privince," (trans. by Barry Till and Paula Swart) Chinese studies in archaeology 1:3 (Winter 1979-80):74-124.

Ochi Shigeaki. "The Southern Dynasties aristocratic system and dynastic change." Acta Asiatica 60 (1991): 54-77.

Ochi Shigeaki. "Thoughts on the understanding of the Han and the Six Dynasties." Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 35 (1977):1-73.

Spade, Beatrice. "The education of women in Chna during the Southern Dynasties," Journal of Asian History 13:1 (1979):15-41.

Tanigawa Michio. "Prominent family control in the Six Dynasties." Acta Asiatica 60 (1991): 78-103.

Vande Walle, Willy. "Lay Buddhism among the Chinese aristocracy during the period of the Southern Dynasties: Hsiao Tzu-liang (460-494) and his entourage," Orientalia Loveniensia Periodica 10 (1979):275-97.

Yasuda Jiro. "The Changing aristocratic society of the Southern Dynasties and regional society: particularly in the Hsiang-yang region." Acta Asiatica 60 (1991): 25-53.

 

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History - Jin Dynasty

 

Chin, Frank Fa-ken. "The element of regionalism in medieval China: observations on the founding of the Eastern Chin." In: Chine ancienne; section organisee par Michel Soymie, International Congress of Orientalists, 19th pp. 67-71. Paris: L'"Asiatheque, 1977.

Chin, Frank Fa-ken. "Wang Tao (A.D. 276-339) and the founding of the Eastern Jin dynasty," Journal of Oriental Studies 14 (1976):83-4. (English summary of an article in Chinese, pp.45-64).

Chittick, Andrew. "Dynastic legitimacy during the Eastern Chin: Hsi Tso-ch'ih and the problem of Huan Wen," Asia Major (Third Series) 11:1 (1998):21-52.

de Crespigny, Rafe. "The Three Kingdoms and Western Jin: a history of China in the third century AD," Part 1: East Asian History 1 (Canberra: June 1991):1-36; Part 2: East Asian History 2 (Canberra: December 1991):143-165.

Piton, C. "China during the Tsin dynasty, A.D. 264/419," China review 11 (297-313, 366-378), 12 (12-21, 154-62, 353-62, 390-402).

Pfizmaier, August. Aus der Geschichte des Hofes von Tsin. (Pfizmaier, wirkl.) Mitgliede der kais. Vienna: Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1876. By commission of Karl Gerold's Sohn, Buchhandler der kais.

Straughair, Anna. Chang Hua: a statesman-poet of the Western Chin dynasty. [Australian National University, Faculty of Asian Studies Occasional Paper : 15] Canberra: 1973.

Waley, Arthur. "The fall of Lo-yang," History today (April 1951):7-10.

Yang, Lien-sheng. "Notes on the economic history of the Chin dynasty," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 9 (1945-47):107-85. [also in his: Studies in Chinese institutional history. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961. pp. 119-197.]

History--Liu Song dynasty

Pfizmaier, August. Ungewohnliche Erscheinungen und Zufalle n China um die Zeiten der sudlichen Sung. Vienna: Karl Gerold's Sohn, 1875.

 

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History - Southern Qi Dynasty

 

Eccles, Lance. "The Empress Dowager Wang Baoming and her role in the political affairs of the Southern Qi and Liang dynasties." Journal of Asian History 27:1 (Spring 1993): 1-15.

 

 

History - Liang Dynasty

 

Eccles, Lance. "The seizure of the mandate: establishment of the legitimacy of the Liang dynasty." Journal of Asian History 23:2 (Fall 1989):169-180.

Enoki, Kazuo. "The Liang chih-kung-t'u." Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 42 (1984):75-138.

Lai, Whalen. "Emperor Wu of Liang on the immortal soul, She pu mieh." Journal of the American Oriental Society 101:2 (1983).

Liang Chien-wen-ti, Emperor of China, 503-551. Beyond the mulberries: an anthology of palace-style poetry. Trans. by John Marney. San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center, 1982. 240p.

Marney, John. "A criticism of the kung-t'i poetry of Liang Chien-wen Ti," Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan 14 (1969):108-15.

Marney, John. "Lady Hsu, an empress of the Liang," Odyssey 1:2 (April 1976):19-23.

Marney, John. Liang Chien-wen Ti. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1976.

Reviews

Gjertson. Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1979):486-7.

Kroll, Paul. Journal of Asian Studies 36 (1977):736-8.

Sanders. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 40 (1977):643-4.

Marney, John. "'Yen-Ming Nang Fu' (Rhymeprose on the Eye- Brightening Sachet) of Emperor Chien-wen of Liang: a study in medieval folklore," Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (1977):131-40.

Pearce, Scott. "Who, and what, was Hou Jing?" Early Medieval China 6 (2000):49-73.

Tchang, P. Mathias, S.J. Tombeau des Liang, famille Siao, 1ere partie Siao Chouen-tche. Shanghai: Imprimerie de la Mission catholique Orphelinat de T'ou-se-we 1912.

 

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History - Sixteen Kingdoms

 

Honey, David B. "History and historiography on the sixteen states: some T'ang topoi on the nomads." Journal of Asian History 24:2 (Fall 1990:161-217.

 

 

History - Northern Han/Former Zhao Dynasty

 

Honey, David B. The rise of the medieval Hsiung-nu : the biography of Liu Yuan. [Papers on Inner Asia, no. 15 0893-1860]. Bloomington, Ind. : Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, 1990. 99 p.

 

 

History - Western Liang Dynasty

 

Mather, Richard B., trans. Biography of Lu Kuang. (translation from the Jin Shu). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

 

 

History - Former Yan State

 

Mullie, Josef L.M. "A la recherche de Ki-Tch'eng la Capitale des Mou-Joung," Central Asiatic Journal 15:4 (May 1972):284-8.

Schreiber, Gerhard. "The history of the Former Yen dynasty (285-370)," Monumenta Serica 14 (1949-55):374-480 and 15 (1956):1-141.

 

 

History - Former Qin State

 

Li Hsing-pin. "On the battle of Feishui," Selections from People's Republic of China Magazines 806 (1975):12-20. Translated from Xuexi yu pipan, December 14 1974.

Pfizmaier, August. Die letzten Zeiten des Reiches der Tsch'in. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn, 1881.

Rogers, Michael C. The chronicle of Fu Chien: a case of exemplar history. (translation from the Jin Shu). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968.

Rogers, Michael C. "Fu Hung and the rise of the Former Ch'in," Phi Theta Annual 2 (1951):50-78.

Rogers, Michael C. "The myth of the battle of the Fei River (A.D. 383)," T'oung Pao 54:1/3 (1968):50-72.

Rogers, Michael C. The rise of the Former Ch'in state and its spread under Fu Chien, through 370 A.D. based on Chin shu 113. (translation from the Jin Shu). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.

 

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History - Northern Yan State

 

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Social mobility in the northern dynasties: a case study of the Feng of northern Yen." Monumenta Serica 35 (1981-83): 19-32.

 

 

History - Northern Liang State

 

Soper, Alexander C. "Northern Liang and Northern Wei in Kansu," Artibus Asiae 21 (1958):131-64.

 

 

History - Northern Dynasties

 

Boodberg, Peter A. "Marginalia to the histories of Northern dynasties," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 3:3-4 (1938):223-53; 4:3-4 (1939):230-83.

Dien, Albert E. "A note on imperial academies of the Northern Dynasties," International Association of Historians of Asia, Second Biennial Conference. Proceedings. October 1962. pp. 57-69.

Eisenberg, Andrew. "Warfare and political stability in medieval north Asian regimes." T'oung Pao 83:4-5 (1997):300-28.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Lineage falsification the the northern dynasties: Wei Shou's ancestry," Papers on Far Eastern History 21 (1980):1-16.

Holmgren, Jennifer. Marriage, kinship, and power in northern China. Aldershot: Variorum, 1995. 341p.

Reviews

Gernant, Karen. Journal of Asian History 31:1 (1997):71-2.

Pearce, Scott. "Status, labor, and law: special service households under the Northern Dynasties." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 51:1 (June 1991):89-138.

Thorp, Robert L. "The Sui Xian tomb: re-thinking the fifth century." Artibus Asiae 43 (1981/82): 67-110.

Wang Yi-t'ung. "Slaves and other comparable groups during the Northern dynasties," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 16 (1953):293-364.

 

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History - Northern Wei Dynasty

 

Bazin, Louis. "Recherches sur les parlers T'o-pa," T'oung Pao 39 (1949-50):228-329.

Boodberg, Peter A. "The language of the T'o-pa Wei," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 1 ( ):167-85.

Chase, Kenneth W. "The edict of 495 reconsidered." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 39:4 (November 1996): 383-97.

Chen, Sanping. "A-gan revisited - the Tuoba's cultural and political heritage." Journal of Asian History 30:1(1996):46-78.

Dien, Albert E. "Elite lineages and the T'o-pa accomodation: a study of the edict of 495," Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 19:1 (1975):61-88.

Duman, Lazar Isaevich. "K istorii gosudarstv Toba Vei i Lyao i ikh syyazei s Kitaem [Contribution to the history of the states of Toba Wei and Liao, and their relations with China]," Uchenuie Zapiski Instituta Vostokovedeniya 2 (1955):3-36.

Duman, Lazar Isaevich. "Obshchestvennae stroi Sianbi i Toba [The social system of the Xianbi and Tuoba]." In: Voprosi Istorii i Istoriografii Kitaia (ed. L.I. Duman) Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Institut Narodov Azii, 1968.

Eberhard, Wolfram. Das Toba-reich nordchinas: eine soziologische untersuchung. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1949.

Eisenberg, Andrew. "Retired emperorship in medieval China: the Northern Wei." T'oung Pao 77:1-3 (1991): 49-87.

Golavachev, Valentin C. "Matricide among the Tuoba-Xianbei and its Transformation during the Northern Wei." Early Medieval China 8 (2002): 1-41.

Ho, Ping-ti. "Lo-yang, A.D. 495-534," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 26 (1966):52-101.

Holmgren, Jennifer. Annals of Tai: Early T'o-pa History; an Annotated Translation of Chapter 1 of Wei Shu. Canberra: The Australian National University, 1982. 163p.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Empress Dowager Ling of the Northern Wei and the T'o-pa sinicization question," Papers on Far Eastern History 18 (September 1978):123-70.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "The harem in Northern Wei politics, 398-498 A.D.: a study of T'o-pa attitudes towards the institution of empress, empress-dowager, and regency governments in the Chinese dynastic system during early Northern Wei." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26:1 (February 1983): 71-96.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "The Lu clan of Tai commandery and their contribution to the T'o-pa state of Northern Wei in the fifth century." T'oung Pao 69:4-5 (1983): 272-312.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "The making of an elite: local politics and social relations in Northeastern China during the fifth century A.D." Papers on Far Eastern History 30 (September 1984): 1-79.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Northern Wei as a conquest dynasty: current perceptions; past scholarship." Papers on Far Eastern History 40 (1989).

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Political organization of non-Han states in China: the role of imperial princes in Wei, Liao and Yuan." Journal of Oriental Studies 25:1 (1987): 1-48.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Princes and favorites at the court of emperor Shih-tsung of Northern Wei, c.500-510." Journal of Oriental Studies 20:2 (1982): 95-127.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Race and class in fifth century China : the Emperor Kao-tsu's marriage reform." Early Medieval China 2(1995-96):86-117.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Wei-shu records on the bestowal of imperial princesses during the Northern Wei dynasty." Papers on Far Eastern History 27 (March 1983): 21-97.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Widow chastity in the northern dynasties: the lieh-nu biographies in the Weishu." Papers on Far Eastern History 23 (March 1981): 165-186.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Women and political power in the traditional T'o-pa elite: a preliminary study of the biographies of empresses in the Wei-shu." Monumenta Serica 35 (1981-83): 33-74.

Jenner, William John Francis. "Northern Wei Loyang: an unnecessary capital?" Papers on Far Eastern History 23 (March 1981): 147-163.

Ligeti, Louis. "Le Tabghatch, un dialecte de la langue Sien- pi," In: Mongolian Studies (edited by Louis Ligeti, Amsterdam: Verlag B.R. Gruner, 1970). pp. 265-308.

Ware, James R. "Notes on the history of the Wei Shu," Journal of the American Oriental Society 52:1 (March 1932):35-45.

Ware, James R. "An ordeal among the T'o-pa Wei," T'oung Pao 32 (1936):205-9.

Wenley, Archibald Gibson. The Grand Empress Dowager Wen Ming and the Northern Wei necropolis at Fang Shan. Washington: Freer Gallery of Art, 1947.

 

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History - Luoyang Qielanji

 

Jenner, William John Francis. Memories of Lo-yang: Yang Hsuan-chih and the Lost Capital (493-534). New York: Clarendon Press, Oxford University Press, 1981. 310p.

Reviews

Grafflin, Dennis. Journal of Asian Studies 42:1 (November 1982):135-136.

Wang, Yi-t'ung. A Record of Buddhist Monasteries in Lo-yang. By Yang Hsuan-chih. Translation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984. 310p.

Zdun, Genowefa. Materiaux pour l'etude de la culture chinoise du Moyen Age : le Lo-yang k'ie-lan ki. [Prace orientalistyczne, t. 30 0079-4783]. Varsovie : Editions scientifiques de Pologne, 1982. 159 p.

 

 

History - Northern Qi Dynasty

 

Dien, Albert E. Pei Ch'i Shu 45: Biography of Yen Chi-t'ui. Wurzburger Sino-Japonica No. 6. Frankfurt/M. : Peter Lang, 1976.

Finsterbusch, Kate. Zur archaologie der Pei-Ch'i (550-577) und Sui-Zeit (581-618) mit einem Fundkatalog. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner,

Gartell, Barry L., trans. "An Eastern Wei tomb at Dongchen Village, Ci County, Hebei Province," Chinese studies in archaeology 1:2 (Fall 1979):79-101.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Family marriage and political power in sixth century China: a study of the Kao family of northern Ch'i, c.520-550. Journal of Asian History 16:1 (1982): 1-50.

Holmgren, Jennifer. "Seeds of madness: a portrait of Kao Yang, first emperor of Northern Ch'i, 530-560 A.D." Papers on Far Eastern History 24 (September 1981): 83-134.

Pfizmaier, August. Nachrichten aus des Geschichte der Nortdlichen Thsi. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn, 1883.

 

 

History - Northern Zhou Dynasty

 

Dien, Albert E. "The bestowal of surnames under the Western Wei--Northern Chou: a case of counter-acculturation," T'oung Pao 63:2-3 (1977):137-77.

Dien, Albert E. Biography of Yu-wen Hu (translation from the Zhou Shu). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962.

Miller, Roy Andrew. Accounts of Western nations in the history of the Northern Chou dynasty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

 

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History - Sui Dynasty

 

Balazs, Etienne. Le traite economique du "Souei-chou." Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1953. [also in: T'oung Pao 42 (1953-4):113-329.

Dien, Albert E. "Yu-wen Shu: an opportunist of the Sui dynasty," Phi Theta Journal 1 (1950):102-37.

Imbert, Henri. "L'empereur Yang-ti (Le Sardanapale chinois)." Pekin: Impre. de la "Politique de Pekin." 1922.

Jiao, Jian. "The Sui dynasty: reunification and canals," China Reconstructs 28:8 (August 1979):75-8.

Pfizmaier, August. Darlegungen aus des Geschichte des Hauses Sui. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn, 1881.

Pfizmaier, August. Fortsetzungen aus der Geschichte des Hauses Sui. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn, 1882.

Pfizmaier, August. Lebensbeschreibungen von Heerfuhrern und Wurdentragern des Hauses Sui. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn, 1882.

Pfizmaier, August. Zur Geschichte der Aufstande gegen das Haus Sui. Vienna: Karl Gerold's Sohn, 1878.

Thilo, Thomas. Chang'an. Metropole Ostasiens und Weltstadt des Mittelalters 583-904. Vol. 1: Die Stadtanlage. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1997. pp. 406, 14. (Opera sinologica ; 2).

Reviews

Xiong, Victor Early Medieval China 5 (1999):151-60.

Twitchett, Denis, ed. The Cambridge history of China. volume 3: Sui and T'ang China, 589-906, part I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Wright, Arthur F. The Sui dynasty. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978. (Chapter 10: The Sui legacy, by Robert M. Somers).

Reviews

Ebrey, Patricia. Journal of Asian Studies 39 (1980):543-5.

Xiong, Victor Cunrui. "Sui Yangdi and the building of Sui-Tang Luoyang." Journal of Asian Studies 52:1 (February 1993): 66-89.

 

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Language and Linguistics

 

Coblin, W. South. "The initials of the Wei-Chin period as revealed in the phonological glosses of Kuo P'u and others," Monumenta Serica 31 (1974-5):288-318.

Johnstone, Simon W. "Grade medials and vocalic allophone development: Han to Liang." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 11:1 (January 1983): 121-169.

Kiyose, Gisaburo N. "Tunguz and other elements in the languages of the Three Kingdoms." Korean Linguistics 4 (1986): 17-26.

Mather, Richard B. "A note on the dialects of Loyang and Nanking during the Six Dynasties," In Wen-lin (edited by Chow Tse-tsung, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968).

Pulleyblank, E.G. "Some examples of colloquial pronunciation from the Southern Liang dynasty." In: Studia Sino-Mongolica: Festschrift fur Herbert Franke (edited by Wolfgang Bauer, Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1979), pp. 315-27.

Scarpari, M. "Six Dynasties Chinese in Dobson's system of analysis and periodization of the classical Chinese language." East and West 40:1-4 (December 1990).

 

 

Literature

 

Allen, Joseph Roe, transl. "Chih Yu's discussion of different types of literature: a translation and brief comment." In: Parega 3: Two Studies in Chinese Literary Criticism (Seattle: Institute for Comparative and Foreign Area Studies, 1976).

Arndt, Theresia M. Meister Lius Traktate zur Erneuerung in Krisenzeiten (Liuzi xinlun): ein Herrscherspiegel aus Chinas 6. Jhd. Frankfurt a.M.: Lang, 1994. 321p.

Reviews

Jansen, Thomas. Bochumer Jahrbuch zur Ostasienforschung 21 (1997):173-75.

Berkowitz, Alan. "Topos and entelechy in the ethos of reclusion in China." Journal of the American Oriental Society 114:4(October-December 1994):632-8.

Bodde, Derk. "Some Chinese tales of the supernatural: Kan Pao and his Sou-she chi." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 6 (1941).

Campany, Robert Ford. "Return-from-death narratives in early medieval China." Journal of Chinese Religions 18 (1990):91-126.

Campany, Robert Ford. Strange writing : anomaly accounts in early medieval China. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1996. 524p. 

Reviews

Huntington, Rania. Journal of Asian Studies 56:2 (May 1997):463-5.

Wang, Eugene Y. Early Medieval China 4 (1998):159-166.

Cohen, Alvin P., trans. Tales of vengeful souls: a sixth century collection of Chinese avenging ghost stories. Hong Kong: Ricci Institute, 1982. 166p.

Declercq, D. "The perils of orthodoxy : a Western Jin 'hypothetical discourse'." T'oung Pao 80:1-3(1994):27-60.

DeWoskin, Kenneth I. and Crump, J.I., Jr. In search of the supernatural: the written record. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.

Reviews

Cahill, Suzanne. Early Medieval China 4 (1998):169-72.

DeWoskin, Kenneth I. "The Six Dynasties Chih-kuai and the birth of fiction." In: Chinese narrative: critical and theoretical essays, A.H. Plaks, ed. Princeton : 1977. pp.21- 52.

Dien, Albert E. "The Yuan-hun chih (accounts of ghosts with grievances): a sixth-century collection of stories." In: Wen-lin (edited by Chow Tse-tsung, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968), pp. 211-28.

Foster, Larry C. "Further motifs of six dynasties fiction," Proceedings of the Pacific Northwest Council of Foreign Languages 27:1 (1976):14-6.

Foster, Larry C. "Two common motifs of six dynasties fiction," Proceedings of the Pacific Northwest Council of Foreign Languages 26:1 (1975):13-21.

Gibbs, Donald A. "Notes on the wind: the term 'feng' in Chinese literary criticism." In: Transition and permanence: Chinese history and culture, D.C. Buxbaum and F.W. Mote, eds. Hong Kong : 1972. pp.285-93.

Golygina, K.I. Kitaiskaia proza na poroge srednevekov'ia. Migologichesii rasskaz III-IV vv. i problema genezisa siuzhetnogo povestovovaniia. Moskva: Nauka, GRVL, 1983. 240p.

Hegel, Robert E. "Traditional Chinese fiction--the state of the field." Journal of Asian Studies 53:2(May 1994):394-426.

Hightower, James R. "Some characteristics of parallel prose." In: Studies in Chinese Literature (edited by John L. Bishop). pp. 108-41.

Hightower, James R. "The Wen Hsuan and genre theory," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 20 (1957):512-33.

Holcombe, Charles. "Re-imagining China: The Chinese Identity Crisis at the Start of the Southern Dynasties Period." Journal of the American Oriental Society 115:1 (1995).

Holzman, Donald. Chinese literature in transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages. Aldershot, Great Britain and Brookfield, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing Co., 1998.

Reviews

Berkowitz, Alan. Early Medieval China 6 (2000):139-146

Holzman, Donald. "Literary criticism in China in the early third century A.D.," Asiatische Studien 28 (1974):113-49.

Holzman, Donald. "Les sept sages de la foret des bambous et la societe de leur temps." T'oung Pao 44:4-5 (1956).

Hughes, E.R. The art of letters: Lu Chi's Wen Fu. New York: Pantheon, 1951.

Juhl, Robert A. "The literary dialect of Liang Yuan Di," Journal of Chinese Languages 5:1 (1977).

Juhl, Robert A. "The literary dialect of Xie Zhuang," Journal of Chinese Languages 3:2-3 (1975).

Kao, Karl S.Y., ed. Classical Chinese tales of the supernatural and the fantastic: selections from the third to the tenth century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985. 400p.

Reviews

Chiang, Ying-Ho. Journal of Oriental Studies 25:2 (1987): 274-275.

Idema, W.L. T'oung Pao 73:1-3 (1987):120-122.

Kern, Martin. Die Hymnen der chinesischen Staatsopfer: Literatur und Ritual in der politischen Reprasentation von der Han-Zeit bis zu den Sechs Dynastien (Hymns for Chinese state sacrifices: literature and ritual in the political representation from Han times to the Six Dynasties). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1997.

Reviews

Xiong, Victor Cunrui. Early Medieval China 6 (2000):134-135.

Kern, Martin. Zum Topos 'Zimtbaum' in der chinesischen Literatur : Rhetorische Funktion und poetischer Eigenwert des Naturbildes kuei. [Sinologica Coloniensia, Band 18] Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1994. 168p.

Reviews

Dieny, Jean-Pierre. T'oung Pao 82:4-5(1996):385-91.

Knechtges, David R., trans. Wen xuan, or selections of refined literature. Edited by Xiao Tong (501-531). 2 volumes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982-1987.

Reviews

Bokenkamp, Stephen R. Journal of Asian Studies 57:3 (August 1998):843-4.

Lo, Chin-t'ang. "Popular stories of the Wei and Chin periods," Journal of Oriental Studies 17:1-2 (1979):1-9.

Marney, John. "Cities in Chinese literature: Tso Ssu's 'San tu fu,'" Michigan Academician 10:2 (Fall 1977).

Marney, John. "P'ei Tzu-yeh: a minor literary critic of the Liang," Selected Papers in Asian Studies 1 (1976):161-71.

Mather, Richard B. "The controversy over conformity and naturalness during the Six Dynasties," History of Religions 9 (1969-70):160-81.

Mather, Richard B. "Wang Chin's 'Dhuta Temple stele inscription' as an example of Buddhist parallel prose," Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1963):338-59.

McClenon, J. "Near-death folklore in medieval China and Japan: a comparative analysis." Asian Folklore Studies 50:2 (1991):319-.

Nienhauser, William H. "Once again, the authorship of the Hsi-ching tsa-chi," Journal of the American Oriental Society 98(1978):219-36.

Poo, Mu-chou. "The completion of an ideal world: the human ghost in early-medieval China," Asia Major (Third Series) 10:1/2 (1997):69-94.

Russell, T.C. "Revelation and narrative in the Zhoushi Mintongji." Early Medieval China 1(1994):34-59.

Smith, Thomas E. "Where Chinese administrative practices and tales of the strange converge : the meaning of gushi in the Han Wudi Gushi." Early Medieval China 1(1994):1-33.

Song, Yongyi. "Erotic archetypes in Jian'an literature." Chinese Culture 34:2 (June 1993): 23-41.

Spiro, Audrey. "Shaping the wind: taste and tradition in fifth-century South China." Ars Orientalis 21 (1991): 95- 117.

Tokei, Ferenc. "Textes prosodiques chinois au debut du VIe siecle." In: Melanges de Sinologie offerts a Monsieur Paul Demieville (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1974). pp. 297-312.

Yang, Hsien-yi and Gladys, transl. The man who sold a ghost (Chinese tales of the 3rd-6th centuries). Peking: Foreign Language Press, 1958.

Yang, Winston L.Y. "From history to fiction--the popular image of Kuan Yu." Renditions 15 (Spring 1981): 67-79.

 

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Literature - Cao Zhi

 

Cutter, Robert Joe. "The incident at the gate: Cao Zhi, the succession, and literary fame." T'oung Pao 71:4-5 (1985): 228-262.

Dunn, Hugh, translator. Cao Zhi: life of a princely Chinese poet. Beijing: New World Press : distributed by China Publications Centre, 1983. 95p.

Frankel, Hans H. "Fifteen poems by Ts'ao Chih: an attempt at a new approach." Journal of the American Oriental Society 84:11 (1963):39-48.

Kent, George W., translator. Worlds of dust and jade: 47 poems and ballads of the third century Chinese poet Ts'ao Chih. New York: Philosophical Library, 1969. 82p.

Roy, David T. "The themes of the neglected wife in the poetry of Ts'ao Chih." Journal of Asian Studies 19 (1959-60):25- 31.

 

 

Literature - Fan Ye

 

Egan, Ronald C. "The prose style of Fan Yeh," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 39:2 (1979):339-401.

 

 

Literature - Liu Xie

 

Cai, Zong-qi, editor. A Chinese literary mind : culture, creativity and rhetoric in Wenxin Diaolong. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2001. 315 p.

Gibbs, Donald A. "Liu Hsieh, author of the Wen-hsin tiao- lung," Monumenta Serica 29 (1970-71):117-41.

Li, Zhaochu. Traditionelle chinesische Literaturtheorie. Wenxin diaolong, Liu Xies Buch vom pr”chtigen Stil des Drachenschnitzens (5. Jh.). Dortmund: Projekt Verl., 1997. 200p.

Shin, Vincent Y.C., transl. The literary mind and the carving of dragons. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.

Tokei, Ferenc. Genre theory in China in the 3rd-6th centuries (Liu Hsieh's theory of poetic genres). Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1971.

 

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Literature - Liu Yiqing

 

Levy, Andre. "Du pareil au meme : a propos des 'trois mots' du shishuo xinyu IV, 18." T'oung Pao 81:4-5(1995):315-9.

Mather, Richard B. "Chinese letters and scholarship in the third and fourth centuries: the Wen-hsueh p'ien of the Shih-shuo hsin-yu." Journal of the American Oriental Society 88:4 (1964):348-391.

Mather, Richard B. "The fine art of conversation: the Yen-yu P'ien of the Shih-shuo hsin-yu," Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (1971):222-75.

Mather, Richard B. Shih-shuo hsin-yu: a new account of tales of the world. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1976.

Reviews

Dien, Albert. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 37:2 (1977):423-7.

Knechtges. Journal of Asian Studies 37 (1977):344-6.

Overmyer. History of Religions 17 (1977):194-9.

Sanders. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 40 (1977):642-3.

Mather, Richard B. "The Shih-shuo hsin-yu and its place in Chinese literature." In his: Papers of the C.I.C. Far Eastern Language Institute, volume 4. pp. 39-47. Ann Arbor: Committee on Institutional Cooperation, 1973.

Mather, Richard B. "Some examples of 'pure conversation' in the Shih-shuo hsin-yu." Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan 9 (1956):58-70.

Qian, Nanxiu. "Daito Seigo: an alien analogue of the Shih-shuo Hsin-yu." Early Medieval China 4 (1998):49-82.

Qian, Nanxiu. Spirit and Self in Medieval China: The Shih-Shuo Hsin-yu and its Legacy. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001.

Reviews

Mather, Richard. Early Medieval China 8 (2002):167-168.

von Duhn, M. Gassmann, R. and Homann, D., transl. "Shishuo xinyu, Kapitel 14," Asiatische Studien 30 (1976):45-78.

Wang, Fang-yu. "Chu Ta's 'Shih shuo hsin yu' poems," (translated by Aileen Huang Wei and Wang Fang-yu), Renditions 6 (Spring 1976):70-84. Also in: The translation of art: essays on Chinese painting and poetry, edited by James C.Y. Watt (HK: Cntre for Translation Projects, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1976).

Yang Yung. "Shih-shuo hsin-yu: its title, text, and edition," Journal of Oriental Studies 8 (1970):287-8. English summary of article in Chinese, pp.276-286.

Yoshikawa, Kojiro. "The Shih-shuo hsin-yu and Six Dynasties prose style." (translated by Glen W. Baxter) Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 43 (1955):124-141. [Also in: Studies in Chinse literature, edited by John L. Bishop, pp. 166-185.]

 

 

Literature - Pan Yue

 

Lai, C.M. "The art of lamentation in the works of Pan Yue : 'Mourning the eternally departed.'" Journal of the American Oriental Society 114:3(July-September 1994):409-25.

 

 

Literature - Yang Xiong

 

Ziporyn, Brook. "Spatio-temporal order in Yang Xiong's Taixuan jing." Early Medieval China 2(1995-96):40-85.

 

 

Literature - Yu Xin

 

Graham, William T., Jr. "Yu Hsin and 'The lament for the South,'" Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 36 (1976):82-113.

 

 

Poetry

 

Birrell, Anne M. "The dusty mirror: courtly portraits of women in Southern dynasties love poetry." In Hegel, Robert E.; Hessney, Richard C., eds. Expressions of self in Chinese literature. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. pp.33-69.

Brooks, E. Bruce. "A geometry of the Shr-pin." In: Wen-lin (edited by Chow Tse-tsung, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968), pp.121-50.

Chang, Kang-i Sun. "Description of landscape in early Six Dynasties poetry." In Lin, Shuen-fu; Owen, Stephen, eds. The vitality of the lyric voice: 'shih' poetry from the late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. pp.105-129.

Chang, Kang-I Sun. Six Dynasties Poetry. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Reviews

Blankestijn, A.G. T'oung Pao 75:1-3 (1989): 187-189.

Cutter, Robert Joe. Journal of Asian Studies 46:3 (August 1987): 634-636.

Frankel, Hans H. "The development of Han and Wei yueh-fu as a high literary genre." In Lin, Shuen-fu; Owen, Stephen, eds. The vitality of the lyric voice: 'shih' poetry from the late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. pp.255-286.

Frankel, Han H. "Six dynasties Yueh Fu and their singers," Journal of Chinese Language Teachers Association 13:3 (October 1978): 189-96.

Frodsham, John David and Ch'eng Hsi. An anthology of Chinese verse: Han Wei Chin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Hargett, James M. "Playing second fiddle: the luan-bird in early and medieval Chinese literature." T'oung Pao 75:4-5 (1989):235-262.

Holzman, Donald. "The image of the merchant in medieval Chinese poetry." In Ptak, Roderich; Englert, Siegfried, eds. Ganz allmahlich: Aufsatze zur ostasiatischen Literatur, insbesondere zur chinesischen Lyrik. Heidelberg: Heidelberger Verlagsanstalt, 1986. pp.92-108.

Holzman, Donald. Immortals, festivals and poetry in medieval China. Aldershot, Great Britain and Brookfield, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing Co., 1998.

Reviews

Berkowitz, Alan. Early Medieval China 6 (2000):139-146.

Holzman, Donald. Landscape appreciation in ancient and early medieval China : the birth of landscape poetry (six lectures given at National Tsing Hua University, February-March 1995). Hsin-chu, Taiwan : Program for Research of Intellectual-Cultural History, 1996.

Hsiung, Ann-Marie. "The images of women in early Chinese poetry: the Book of Songs, Han ballads and palace style verse of the Liang dynasty." Chinese Culture 35:4 (December 1994): 81- 90.

Juhl, Robert A. "Phonological evolution of the Chinese rhymes: Wei to Liang," Journal of the American Oriental Society 94:4 (1974).

Levy, Dore J. Chinese narrative poetry, the late Han through T'ang dynasties. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1988. 226p.

Reviews

Idema, W.L. T'oung Pao 76:1-3 (1990): 123-127.

Sing, Chan Man. Journal of Oriental Studies 30:1-2 (1992): 215-217.

Lin, Shuen-fu. "The nature of the quatrain from the late Han to the high T'ang." In Lin, Shuen-fu; Owen, Stephen, eds. The vitality of the lyric voice: 'shih' poetry from the late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. pp.296-331.

Lin, Shuen-fu; Owen, Stephen, eds. The vitality of the lyric voice: 'shih' poetry from the late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. 405p.

Reviews

Idema, W.L. T'oung Pao 74:4-5 (1988): 314-317.

Lin, Wen-yueh. "The decline and revival of feng-ku (wind and bone): on the changing poetic styles from the Chien-an era through the high T'ang period." In Lin, Shuen-fu; Owen, Stephen, eds. The vitality of the lyric voice: 'shih' poetry from the late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. pp.130-166.

Marney, Meilan. Index to the titles and authors in Ting Fu-pao: complete poetry of the Han, San-kuo, Chin, Northern and Southern dynasties. Taipei: Chinese Materials Center, 1971.

Miao, Ronald. "The Ch'i ai shih of the late Han and Chin periods," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 33 (1973):183-223.

Owen, Stephen. "Place: meditation on the past at Chin-ling." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 50:2 (December 1990): 417-457.

Studies in the poetry of ancient and medieval China [Acta Asiatica (Toho Gakkai) ; 70]. Tokyo : Toho Gakkai, 1996. 99p.

Varsano, Paula M. "Getting there from here : locating the subject in early Chinese poetics." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 56:2(December 1996):375-403.

Watson, Burton. Chinese rhyme-prose: poems in the fu form from the Han and Six Dynasties periods. New York: Columbia University Press, 1971.

Wong, Kai-chee, etc. A research guide to English translation of Chinese verse: Han dynasty to T'ang dynasty. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1977. Also: Seattle: Washington University Press, 1980.

Workman, Michael E. "The bed-chamber topic in the tz'u songs of three medieval Chinese poets: Wenn T'ing-yun, Wei Chuang, and Li Yu." In: Critical essays on Chinese literature, edited by William H. Nienhauser, Jr. (HK: Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1976). pp. 167-86.

Wu, Fusheng. The poetics of decadence: Chinese poetry of the Southern Dynasties and Late Tang periods. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998. 

Reviews

Rouzer, Paul. Journal of Asian Studies 58:3(August 1999):821-3.

Zhou, Zhenfu. "The legacy of Han, Wei, and Six Dynasties yueh-fu tradition and its further development in T'ang poetry. In Lin, Shuen-fu; Owen, Stephen, eds. The vitality of the lyric voice: 'shih' poetry from the late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. pp.287-295.

 

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Poetry - Bao Zhou

 

Frodsham, John David. "The nature poetry of Pao Chao," Orient/West 8:6 (November/December 1964):85-93.

 

 

Poetry - Cao Tang

 

Schafer, Edward H. Mirages on the sea of time: the Taoist poetry of Ts'ao T'ang. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. 153p.

 

 

Poetry - Liang Wudi

 

Lai, Whalen. "Emperor Wu of Liang on the immortal soul, Shen Pu Mieh." Journal of the American Oriental Society 101:1 (January-March 1981): 167-175.

Marney, John. Beyond the mulberries, an anthology of Palace-style poetry by Emperor Chien-wen of the Liang dynasty (503-551). N.p.: Chinese Materials Center, 1982.

Reviews

Blankestijn, A.G. T'oung Pao 73:1-3 (1987): 123-125.

 

 

Poetry - Lu Ji

 

Chen, Shih-hsiang, transl. Essay on literature: written by the third century Chinese poet Lu Chi. Portland, ME: Anthoensen Press, 1953.

Fang, Achilles. "Rhymeprose on literature: the Wen-fu of Lu Chi." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 14 (1951):527-66. [Also in: Studies in Chinese literature, edited by John L. Bishop, pp. 3-44.]

 

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Poetry - Ruan Ji

 

Holzman, Donald. Poetry and politics: the life and works of Juan Chi (A.D. 210-263). [Cambridge Studies in Chinese History, Literature and Institutions] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Malyavin V.V. Ruan Ji (Yuan Ji).O zhizni i tvorchestve kitaiskogo poeta i myslitelya Ruan Ji (Yuan Ji). -- Yuan Ji. About life and works of the Chinese poet and thinker Yuan Ji.  Moscow: Nauka, 1978.

Tung, Constantine. "Juan Chi, an escapist, and his inescapable world." Journal of the Blaisdell Institute 5:2 (June 1970):9-22.

Wang Yi-t'ung. "The political and intellectual world in the poetry of Juan Chi," Renditions 7 (1977):48-61.

Literature--Shen Yue

Mather, Richard B. The Poet Shen Yueh (441-513): The Reticent Marquis. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988. 260p.

Reviews

Rouzer, Paul F. Journal of Asian Studies 48:2 (May 1989): 369-370.

Mather, Richard B. "Shen Yueh's poems of reclusion: from total withdrawal to living in the suburbs." Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews 5:1-2 (July 1983): 53-66.

Vahtin B.B. Zametki o lirike Shen Yue (Notes on Shen Yue's lyrics). In: Istoriko-filologicheskie issledovaniya (Historico-philological studies). Moscow: Nauka, 1974.

 

 

Poetry - Sun Zhuo

 

Mather, Richard B. "The mystical ascent of the T'ien-t'ai mountain: Sun Cho's Yu T'ien-t'ai-shan fu," Monumenta Serica 20 (1961):226-45.

 

 

Poetry - Tao Yuanming

 

Acher, W.R.B., translator. T'ao, the hermit: sixty poems by T'ao Ch'ien. London: Thames and Hudson, 1952.

Chang, Lily Pao-hu and Marjorie Sinclair, translators. The poems of T'ao Ch'ien. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1953.

Davis, Albert Richard. T'ao Yuan-ming, AD 365-427, his works and their meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 2v.

Eidlin L.Z. Tao Yuan-ming i ego stihi (Tao Yuan-ming and his poems). Moscow: Nauka, 1965.

Hightower, James R. "Allusion in the poetry of T'ao Ch'ien." In: Studies in Chinese literary genres, C. Birch, ed. University of California Press, 1974. pp.108-32.

Hightower, James R. "The fu of T'ao Ch'ien." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 17 (1954):169-230. [Also in: Studies in Chinese literature, edited by John L. Bishop, pp. 45- 107.]

Hightower, James R. The poetry of T'ao Ch'ien. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

Juhl, Robert A. "The literary dialect of Tao Qian," Journal of Chinese languages 4:1 (1976).

Kwong, Charles Yim-tze. Tao Qian and the Chinese poetic tradition: the quest for cultural identity. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, The University of Michigan, 1995. 281p.

Reviews

Cutter, Robert Joe. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 57:2 (December 1997):612-4.

Wu, Sujane. Journal of Asian Studies 55:2 (May 1996):440-1.

Rohrer, Maria. Das Motiv der Wolke in der Dichtung Tao Yuanmings. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1992. 256p. (Freiburger fern–stliche Forschungen ; 2)

Turner, John, translator. "Peach-blossom fount." Renditions 1 (Fall 1973):63-65.

 

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Poetry - Xi Kang

 

Henricks, Robert G. Philosophy and argumentation in third century China: the essays of Hsi Kang. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. 214p.

Holzman, Donald. La vie et la pensee de Hi K'ang (223-262). Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1957.

Rushton, Peter. "An interpretation of Hsi K'ang's eighteen poems presented to Hsi Hsi on his entry into the army," Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1979):175-90.

Van Gulik, Robert H. Hsi K'ang and his poetical essay on the lute. Rutland, Vt.: Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1941/1970.

 

 

Poetry - Xie Daoyun

 

Lee, Lily Xiao Hong. "Xie Daoyun: The Style of a Woman Mingshi." In: The Virtue of Yin: Studies on Chinese Women, Lily Xiao Hong Lee, Canberra: Wild Peony Press, 1994, pp.25-46.

 

 

Poetry - Xie Huilian

 

Owen, Stephen. "The Snow Fu of Hsieh Hui-lien: a structural study," Journal of the American Oriental Society (January-March 1975).

 

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Poetry - Xie Lingyun

 

Badylkin, L.E. Se Lin'iun. Nauka, 1980. (Series: Writers and Scholars of the East).

Frodsham, J. D. "Hsieh Ling-yun's contribution to medieval Chinese Buddhism." In: International Association of Historians of Asia, Proceedings of the Second Biennial Conference. Taipei, 1962.

Frodsham, John David. The murmuring stream: the life and works of the Chinese nature poet Hsieh Ling-yun (385-433), Duke of K'ang-lo. 2 volumes. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1967.

Mather, Richard B. "The landscape Buddhism of the fifth century poet Hsieh Ling-yun," Journal of Asian Studies 18:1 (1958):67-79.

Naumann, Wolfram. "Ideallandschaften in der japanischen Literatur des Mittelalters: Auf der Suche nach den Spuren des Hsieh Ling-y¸n (Xie Lingyun)", Horin: Vergleichende Studien zur japanischen Kultur 3 (1996): pp. 35-55.

Roellicke, Hermann-Josef. "Der 'Landschafts-Buddhismus' in der Dichtung Xie Lingyuns (385-433)", Horin: Vergleichende Studien zur japanischen Kultur 3 (1996): 15-33.

 

 

Poetry - Xie Tiao

 

Eccles, Lance. "The qualities of clarity and beauty in the poetry of Hsieh T'iao." Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia 15-16 (1983-4): 45-59.

Mather, Richard B. "Ritual aspects of Hsieh T'iao's wardenship of Hsuan-ch'eng." Early Medieval China 6 (2000):32-47.

 

 

Poetry - Zhong Hong

 

F¸hrer, Bernhard. Chinas erste Poetik: das Shipin (Kriterion Poietikon) des Zhong Hong (467?-518). Dortmund: Projekt Verl., 1995. pp. 578. Review: Martin Kern, China Quaterly ???.

F¸hrer, Bernhard. "Zur Biographie des Zhong Hong (467?-518)." Acta Orientalia 46:2-3 (1992/93), 163-187.

Wilhelm, Hellmut. "A note on Chung Hung and Shih-p'in." In: Wen-lin: studies in the Chinese humanities (edited by Chow Tse- tsung, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968), pp. 111- 120.

Wixted, John Timothy. "The nature of evaluation in the shih-p'in (gradings of poets) by Chung Hung (A.D. 469-518)." In Bush, Susan; Murck, Christian, eds. Theories of the arts in China. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. pp.225-264.

 

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Military Technique

 

Dien, Albert E. "A study of early Chinese armor." Artibus Asiae 43 (1981/82): 5-66.

Wallacker, Benjamin E. "Studies in medieval Chinese siegecraft: the siege of Chien-k'ang, A.D. 548-549," Journal of Asian History 5:1 (1971): 35-54.

Wallacker, Benjamin E. "Studies in medieval Chinese siegecraft: the siege of Ying-ch'uan, A.D. 548-549," Journal of Asian Studies 30:3 (1971):611-22.

Wallacker, Benjamin E. "Studies in medieval Chinese siegecraft: the siege of Yu-pi, A.D. 546," Journal of Asian Studies 28:4 (August 1969):789-802.

 

 

Pastoral Nomadic Peoples

 

Barfield, Thomas J. "Inner Asia and Cycles of Power in China's Imperial Dynastic History." In Seaman, Gary, ed. Rulers from the Steppe: State Formation on the Eurasian Periphery. Los Angeles: Ethnographics Press, 1991. pp.21-62.

Barfield, Thomas J. The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1989. 325p.

Reviews

Dunnell, Ruth W. Journal of Asian Studies 50:1 (February 1991):126-127.

Di Cosmo, Nicola. "Ancient inner Asian nomads: their economic basis and its significance in Chinese history." Journal of Asian Studies 53:4 (November 1994): 1092-126.

Ecsedy, Ildiko. "Nomads in history and historical research (`the mounted pastoral nomads, ruling over or starting from Inner Asia')." Acta Orientalia (Budapest) 35:2-3 (1981): 201-227.

Enoki, K. "The Liang shih-kung-t'u on the origin and migration of the Hua or Ephthalites," Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia 7:1-2 (December 1970):37-45.

Ikeuchi, Hiroshi. "A study on the Fu-yu," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 6 (1932):23-60.

Ikeuchi, Hiroshi. "A study of the Su-shen," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 5 (1930):97-164.

Jagchid, Sechin and Symons, Van Jay. Peace, War, and Trade Along the Great Wall: Nomadic-Chinese Interaction Through Two Millennia. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. 266p.

Khudiakov, IUlii Sergeevich; Medvedev, Vitalii Egorovich. Vooruzhenie srednevekovykh kochevnikov IUzhnoi? Sibiri i TSentralnoi? Azii. Novosibirsk : Izd-vo "Nauka," Sibirskoe otd-nie, 1986 266p.

Khudiakov, IUlii Sergeevich; Medvedev, Vitalii Egorovich. Vooruzhenie tsentralno-aziatskikh kochevnikov v epokhu rannego i razvitogo srednevekovia (=Weapons of Central Asian nomads in the early and advanced medieval epochs). Novosibirsk : Izd-vo "Nauka," Sibirskoe otd-nie, 1991. 186p.

Khudiakov, IUlii Sergeevich; Medvedev, Vitalii Egorovich. Zashchitnoe vooruzhenie nomadov TSentralnoi? Azii. Novosibirsk : Novosibirskii? gos. universitet, 2003. 201p.

Kriukov, Michael V. and Kurylev, Vadim P. "The Origins of the Yurt: Evidence from Chinese Sources of the Third Century B.C. to the Thirteenth Century A.D." In Seaman, Gary, ed. Foundations of Empire: Archeology and Art of the Eurasian Steppes. Los Angeles: Ethnographics Press, 1992. pp.143-156.

Kwanten, Luc. Imperial Nomads: a History of Central Asia, 500-1500. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1979.

Reviews

Buell, Paul D. Journal of Asian Studies 41:2 (February 1982): 331-333.

Loewe, Michael. "Chinese relations with Central Asia, 260- 290," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 32:1 (1969):91-103.

Maenchen-Helfen, O. "The Ting-ling," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 4 (1939):77-86.

Mair, Victor H. "Dunhuang as a Funnel for Central Asian Nomads into China." In Seaman, Gary, ed. Ecology and Empire: Nomads in the Cultural Evolution of the Old World. Los Angeles: Ethnographics/USC, 1989. pp.143-163.

Pulleyblank, E.G. "The Nomads in China and Central Asian in the Post-Han Period." Philologiae Turcicae Fundamenta, 3.

Shiratori, Kurakichi. "The legend of King Tung-ming, the founder of Fu-yu kuo," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 10 (1938):1-40.

Shiratori, Kurakichi. "The queue among the peoples of North Asia," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 4 (1929):1-70.

Shiratori, Kurakichi. "A study on the titles kaghan and katun," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 1 (1926).

Sinor, Denis, ed. Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 518p.

Reviews

Widmer, Eric. Journal of Asian Studies 49:4 (November 1990): 916-918.

 

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Pastoral Nomadic Peoples - Tujue

Drompp, Michael R. "Supernumerary Sovereigns: Superfluity and Mutability in the Elite Power Structure of the Early Turks (Tu-jue)." In Seaman, Gary, ed. Rulers from the Steppe: State Formation on the Eurasian Periphery. Los Angeles: Ethnographics Press, 1991. pp.92-115.

 

 

Pastoral Nomadic Peoples - Tuyuhun

 

Carroll, Thomas D., transl. Account of the T'u-yu-hun in the history of the Chin dynasty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.

Mole, Gabriella. The T'u-yu-hun from the Northern Wei to the time of the Five Dynastes. [Serie Orientale Roma XLI] Rome : 1970.

Reviews

Connor. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 32 (1972):240-55.

Hambis. T'oung Pao 61 (1975):338-9.

Liu. Nachtrichten der Gesellschaft fur Natur-und V olkerkunde Ostasiens/Hamburg 118 (1975):79-81.

 

 

Pastoral Nomadic Peoples - Xianbei

 

Gardiner, K.H.J. and de Crespigny, R.R.C. "T'an-shih-huai and the Hsien-pi tribes of the second century A.D.," Papers on Far Easterm History 15 (1977):1-44.

Su Bai. "Xianbei remains in Manchuria and Inner Mongolia," Chinese Studies in Archaeology Fall 1979: 3-43. Translation by David Fridley of article in Wenwu, May 1977.

Taskina, V.S. Materiali po istorii kochevikh narodov v kitae, III-V vv. (Materials on the history of nomadic peoples in China, 3rd-5th centuries). 4 volumes. Translated from the Chinese, with preface and commentary by V.S. Taskina. [vol. 1: , vol. 2: Murong, vol. 3: , vol.4: ]. Moscow: Glavnaia Redaktsiia Vostochnoi Literaturi, 1992.

 

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Pastoral Nomadic Peoples - Xiongnu

 

Barfield, Thomas J. "The Hsiung-nu imperial confederacy: organization and foreign policy," Journal of Asian Studies 41:1 (November 1981):45-61.

Chen, Heyi. "Culture of the Huns." In Qian, Hao; Chen, Heyi, and Ru, Suichu. Out of China's earth: archeological discoveries in the People's Republic of China. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1981. pp. 149-155.

Duman, L.I. "Chinese relations with the Xiongnu in the first to third centuries A.D." In Tikhvinsky, S.L. and Perelomov, L.S., ed. China and her neighbors, from ancient times o the Middle Ages: a collection of essays. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1981. pp. 43-58.

Gumilev, Lev Nikolaevich. KHunny vKitae: tri veka voiny Kitaia so stepnymi noraodami, III-VI vv. Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Institut Vostokovedeniia, 1974.

Konovalov, P.B. "Pogrebal'nie Sooryzheniia Khunnu" (Funeral structures among the Huns). In: Sibir' Tsentral'naia i Vostochnaia Aziia v Srednie Veka (edited by V.E. Larichev. Novosibirsk: Nauka, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, 1975) [Istoriia i Kul'tura Vostoka Azii, volume 3]. pp. 17-46.

Miniaev, S. "The Excavation of Xiongnu Sites in the Buryatia Republic." Orientations 26:10 (1995):44.

Shiratori, Kurakichi. "On the territory of the Hsiung-nu prince Hsiu-t'u Wang and his metal statues for heaven worship," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 5 (1930):1- 78.

Shiratori, Kurakichi. Sinologische beitrage zur geschichte der Turk-Volker. II. Uber die sprache der Hiungu und der Tunghu- stamme. Izv. v seriia, T. XVII, no 2, 1902. pp. 1-33. Also in: Mel. asiat. t. XII, 1906. pp. 1-33.

Sukhebator, G. "K voprosu ob etnicheskoi sviazi mezhdu Khunnu i Sian'bi" (Towards the question of the ethnic ties between the Huns and Xianbei). In: Sibir' Tsentral'naia i Vostochnaia Aziia v Srednie Veka (edited by V.E. Larichev. Novosibirsk: Nauka, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, 1975) [Istoriia i Kul'tura Vostoka Azii, volume 3]. pp. 12-6.

Taskin, V.S. "Skotovodstvo u Siunnu po Kitaiskim istochnikam" (Cattle-breeding among the Xiongnu in Chinese sources). In: Voprosi Istorii i Istoriografii Kitaia (edited by L.I. Duman Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Institut Narodov Azii, 1968). pp. 21-44.

 

 

Philosophy and Thought

 

Ariel, Yoav. "The K'ung-Family-Masters' Anthology and third-century Confucianism." In Eber, Irene, ed. Confucianism: the dynamics of tradition. New York: Macmillan, 1986. pp.39-59.

Han, Fu-chih. "The economic thought of Fu Hsuan and Fu Hsien," Bulletin of the National Compilation and Translation Committee 1:4 (December 1972).

Hu, Baoguo. "Elite Scholars from Runan and Yingchuan Prefectures During the Transitional Period from the Wei to the Jin Dynasty." Social Sciences in China 13:2 (Summer 1992): pp.181-190.

Knapp, Keith N. "Heaven and death according to Huangfu Mi, a third-century Confucian." Early Medieval China 6 (2000):1-31.

Paper, Jordon D. "Confucianism in the post-Han era (an analysis of the thought of Fu Hsuan from an historical perspective," Chinese culture 16:2 (June 1975):37-44.

Paper, Jordan D. The Fu-Tzu: a Post-Han Confucian Text. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987.

Reviews

Holcombe, Charles. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 50:2 (December 1990):733-740.

Shryock, John K., transl. The study of human abilities: the Jen wu chih, by Liu Shao. New York: Kraus Reprint Corp., 1960/1937.

Tortchinov E.A. Drevnekitaiskiy volnodumets Bao Jing-yan (Ancient Chinese free-thinker Bao Jing-yan). In: Aktualnye problemy izucheniya istorii religii i ateizma (Actual problems of researches into history of religions and atheism). Leningrad: State museum of the history of religions and atheism, 1981.

Tortchinov E.A. Ratsionalizm v rannesrednevekovoi mysli Kitaya: filosofiya xuan-xue (Rationalism in the early medieval thought of China: the xuan-xue philosophy). In: Ratsionalisticheskaya traditsiya i sovremennost. Kitai (Rationalistic tradition and contemporary world. China). Moscow: Nauka, 1993.

Wechsler, Howard J. "The Confucian teacher Wang T'ung (584?- 617): one thousand years of controversy," T'oung Pao 63 (1977):225-72.

 

 

Philosophy - Yan Zhitui

 

Dien, Albert E. "Biography of Yen Chih-t'ui," Wurzburger Sino-Japonica 6 (1976).

Dien, Albert E. "Yen Chih-t'ui, a Buddho-Confucian." In: Confucian Personalities (edited by Arthur Wright and Denis Twitchett, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1962).

Lau, D.C., transl. "Advice to my sons," Renditions 1 (1973):94-8. Translation of sec. 2 of Yen-shih chia hsun.

Teng, Ssu-yu, transl. "Family instructions for the Yen clan: Yen-shih Chia-hsun. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1966.

 

 

Population

 

Bielenstein, Hans. "The census of China during the period 2-742 A.D." Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities 19 (1947).

de Crespigny, Rafe. "Prefectures and Population in South China in the first three centuries AD," Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan 40:1 (1968):139-154

 

 

Religion

 

Cahill, Suzanne Elizabeth. Transcendence & divine passion : the Queen Mother of the West in medieval China. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1993. 303 p.

Reviews

Chard, Robert L. T'oung Pao 81:4-5(1995):352-5.

Philosophy East & West 46:3 (1996):418.

Henderson, John B. American historical review 100:1 (February 1995):208.

Teiser, Stephen F. History of religions 34:3 (February 1995):294.

Demieville, Paul. "Philosophy and religion from Han to Sui." In Twitchett, Denis; Loewe, Michael, eds. The Cambridge history of China, volume 1: the Ch'in and Han empires, 221 B.C.-A.D. 220. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986. pp.808-878.

Edwards, E. D. "Some aspects of the conflicts of religion in China during the Six Dynasties and T'ang periods." Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies 7:4 (1935).

Kalinowski, Marc. "La transmission du dispostif des Neuf palais sous les Six dynasties." In Michel Strickmann, ed. Tantric and Taoist Studies in Honour of R. A. Stein, vol. 3: 773- 811. Brussels: Institut Belge des Hautes Etudes Chinoises, 1985.

Kalinowski, Marc. Cosmologie et divination dans la Chine ancienne: le Compendium des Cinq agents (Wuxing dayi, VIe siecle). Paris: Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient, 1991.

Kimura, Eiichi. "The new Confucianism and Taoism in China and Japan from the fourth to the thirteenth centuries A.D." Cahiers d'histoire mondiale 5:4 (1960).

Kravtsova M.E. Ot magii k etike. Predstavleniya o verhovnoi vlasti i eye nositele v drevnem i rannesrednevekovom Kitae (From magic to ethics. The image of the highest power in ancient and early medieval China). In: Vostok / Oriens, 1991, No.1.

Kravtsova M.E. K probleme interpretatsii rannesrednevekovogo kitaiskogo rituala (na materiale Prazdnestva Tretyego dnya tretyego mesyatsa) -- To the interpretation of the early medieval Chinese ritual (on the material of the Festival of the 3rd day of the 3rd month). In: Sovetskaya etnografiya (Soviet Ethnography), 1991, No.1.

Mather, Richard B. "Individualist expressions of the outsiders during the Six Dynasties." In Munro, Donald J, ed. Individualism and holism: studies in Confucian and Taoist values. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1985. pp.199-214.

Poo, Mu-chou. "The images of immortals and eminent monks: religious mentality in early medieval China," Numen 42 (1995):172-196.

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig; Jansen, Thomas. "Religionsdebatten und Machtkonflikte. Veranderungen in den Machtverhaltnissen im chinesischen Mittelalter." Zeitscrift fur Religionswissenschaft 2 (1993):50-90.

Teiser, Stephen F. "Ghosts and ancestors in medieval Chinese religion: the Yu-lan-p'en festival as mortuary ritual." History of Religions 26:1 (August 1986): 47-67.

 

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Religion - Buddhism

 

Best, Jonathan W. "Tales of three Paekche monks who traveled afar in search of the law." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 51:1 (June 1991): 139-197.

Borsig, Margareta von (transl.). Sštra von der Lotosblume des wunderbaren Gesetzes. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1993. 415p.

Reviews

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig. Bochumer Jahrbuch zur Ostasienforschung 21 (1997):175-76.

Chappell, David W., ed. Buddhist and Taoist practice in medieval Chinese society. [Buddhist and Taoist studies ; 2; Asian studies at Hawaii ; no. 34]. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987. 224p.

Chen, Kenneth K.S. The Chinese transformation of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Reviews

Hurvitz, Leon. Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (1977):225-8.

Demieville, Paul. "La penetration du Bouddhisme dans la tradition philosophique chinoise," Cahiers d'Histoire Mondiale 3:1 (1956):19-38.

1. Ermakov M.E. Mir kitaiskogo buddizma (po materialam korotkih rasskazov 4-6 vv.) -- The world of the Chinese Buddhism (on the materials of short tales, xiao shuo, of 4-6 centuries A.D.. St. Petersburg: Andreev & Sons, 1994.

Fukui, Fumimasa-Bunga. "Buddhism and the structure of ch'ing-t'an ('pure discourses')--a note on Sino-Indian intercourse." Chinese Culture 10:2 (1969).

Gernet, Jacques. Les aspects economiques du Bouddhisme dans la societe chinoise du Ve au Xe siecle. Saigon: Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient, 1956.

Gernet, Jacques. Buddhism in Chinese society: an economic history from the fifth to the tenth centuries. translated by Franciscus Verellen. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. 440p.

Reviews

Cole, Alan. Journal of Asian Studies 55:1 (February 1996):149-50.

Gjertson, Donald E. "The early Chinese Buddhist miracle tale, a preliminary survey." Journal of the American Oriental Society 101:3 (July-September 1981):287-301.

Gjertson, Donald E. "Ghosts, gods, and retribution: nine Buddhist miracle texts from Six Dynasties and early T'ang China," University of Massachusetts Asian Studies Occasional Papers 2 (1978).

Gjertson, Donald E. "Rebirth as an animal in medieval Chinese Buddhism. Society for the Study of Chinese Religions Bulletin 8 (Fall 1980): 56-69.

Granoff, Phyllis and Koichi Shinohara. Speaking of monks: religious biography in India and China. Oakville, Ont.: Mosaic Press, 1992. 232p.

Reviews

Strong, John S. Journal of Asian Studies 53:3 (August 1994): 915-6.

Hansen, Valerie. "The path of Buddhism into China: the view from Turfan," Asia Major (Third Series) 11:2 (1998):37-66.

Held, Axel. Der buddhistische Monch Ye-ts'ung (557-610) und seine Ubersetzungstheories. Cologne: Universitat zu Koln, 1972.

Hurvitz, Leon. "Chih-i (538-597): an introduction to the life and ideas of a Chinese Buddhist monk," Melanges Chinois et Bouddhiques 12(1960-1962): 1-372.

Hurvitz, Leon. "Chih Tun's notions of prajna." Journal of the American Oriental Society 88:2 (1968).

Hurvitz, Leon. "The first systematizations of Buddhist thought in China," Journal of Chinese Philosophy 2:4 (September 1975):361-88.

Hurvitz, Leon, transl. Scripture of the lotus blossom of the fine dharma. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.

Hurvitz, Leon, transl. Wei Shou: a treatise on Buddhism and Taoism. Kyoto: Jinbun kagaku Kenkyusho, Kyoto University, 1956.

Iida, Shotaro. "The three stupas of Ch'ang An." In Papers of the 1st International Conference of Korean Studies, 1979. Seongnam-Si, Kyonggi-Do: Academy of Korean Studies, 1980. pp.484-497.

Kawakatsu, Yoshio. A propos de la pensee de Huisi." Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient 69 (1981): 97-105.

Kieschnick, John. The eminent monk : Buddhist ideals in medieval Chinese hagiography. Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 1997. [Studies in East Asian Buddhism ; 10]

Kravtsova M.E. Buddizm v mirovozzrenii aristokratii rannesrednevekovogo Kitaya (Buddhism and aristocracy of the early medieval China). In: Buddiysky vzglyad na mir (The Buddhist world-view). St. Petersburg: Andreev & Sons, 1994.

Kuo, Li-Ying. "La recitation des noms de buddha en Chine et au Japon." T'oung Pao 81:4-5(1995):230-68.

Lai, Whalen. "The early prajna schools, especially 'hsin-wu,' reconsidered." Philosophy East and West 33:1 (1983).

Lai, Whalen. "The Mahaparinirvana-Sutra and its earliest interpreters in China: two prefaces by Tao-lang and Tao-sheng." Journal of the American Oriental Society 102:1 (January-March 1982): 99-105.

Lai, Whalen. "Sinitic speculations on buddha-nature: the Nirvana school" Philosophy East and West 32:2 (April 1982): 135-149.

Lai, Whalen. "Sinitic understanding of the two truths theory in the Liang dynasty (502-557): ontological gnosticism in the thoughts of Prince Chao-ming," Philosophy East and West 28:3 (July 1978):339-51.

Lai, Whalen. "Some notes on perceptions of Pratitya-Samutpada in China from Kumarajiva to Fa-Yao." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 8:4 (December 1981): 111-120.

Lancaster, Lewis R. "The Chinese translation of the Astasahasrika- Prajnaparamita-sutra attributed to Chih Ch'ien." Monumenta Serica 28 (1969).

Legge, James, transl. A record of Buddhistic kingdoms; being an account of the Chinese monk Fa-hsien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist books of discipline. New York: Paragon Book Reprint Corp., 1965/1886.

Liebenthal, Walter, transl. Chao lun: the treatise of Seng Chao. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1968.

Liebenthal, Walter. "Chinese Buddhism during the 4th and 5th centuries," Monumenta Nipponica 11:1 (1955):44-83.

Liebenthal, Walter. "The immortality of the soul in Chinese thought," Monumenta Nipponica 8:1-2 (1952):326-97.

Link, Arthur E. "Biography of Shih Tao-an," T'oung Pao 46:1- 2 (1958):1-48.

Link, Arthur E. "Evidence for doctrinal continuity of Han Buddhism from the second through the fourth centuries: the prefaces to An Shh-kao's Grand Sutra on Mindfulness of the Respiration and K'ang Seng-hui's introduction to 'The Perfection of Dhyana'." In: Papers in Honor of Professor Woodbridge Bingham: a festschrift for his seventy-fifth birthday (editied by J.B. Parsons, San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center, 1976). pp.55-126.

Link, Arthur E. "Shih Seng-yu and his writings," Journal of the American Oriental Society 80:1 (1960):17-43.

Liu, Ming-Wood. "The advent of the practice of P'an-chiao in Chinese Buddhism." Journal of Oriental Studies 26:1 (1988): 1-27.

Liu, Ming-Wood. "The Chinese Madhyamaka practice of p'an- chiao: the case of Chi-tsang." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 56:1 (1993):96-118.

Liu, Ming-Wood. Madhyamaka thought in China. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1994. (Sinica Leidensia : 30) 288p.

Reviews

Vetter, Tilmann. T'oung Pao 84:1-3 (1998):177-84.

Mair, Victor H. "Buddhism and the rise of the written vernacular in East Asia: the making of national languages." Journal of Asian Studies 53:3 (August 1994):707-51.

McRae, John R. [section on Buddhism in] "Chinese religions: the state of the field (Part II). Living religious traditions: Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Islam and popular religion." Journal of Asian Studies 54:2 (May 1995): 354-71.

Mather, Richard B. "The Life of the Buddha and the Buddhist Life: Wang Jung's (463-93) 'Songs of Religious Joy' (Fa-le tz'u)," Journal of the American Oriental Society 107:1 (1987):31-38.

Miyuki, Mokusen. "Chinese response to Buddhism: the case of Hua-yen Tsung." In: Studia Asiatica: essays in Asian studies in felicitation of the seventy-fifth anniversary of Professor Ch'en Shou-yi (edited by Laurence G. Thompson, San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center, 1975). pp.221-60.

Overmyer, Daniel L. "Buddhism in the trenches: attitudes toward popular religion in Chinese scriptures found at Tun-huang." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 50:1 (June 1990): 197-222.

Pachow, W. "The controversy over the immortality of the soul in Chinese Buddhism," Journal of Oriental Studies 16 (1978):21-38.

Paul, Diana Y. Philosophy of Mind in Sixth-Century China: Paramartha's "Evolution of Consciousness." Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1984.

Reviews

Cox, Collett. Journal of Asian Studies 45:1 (November 1985): 125-127.

Poo, Mu-chou. "The Images of Immortals and Eminent Monks: Religious Mentality in Early Medieval China (4-6 c. A.D.)." Numen 42:2 (1995):172.

Quagliotti, A.M. "Il buddismo politico in Cina nel IV secolo," Revista Degli Studi Orientali 51 (1977):129-36.

Runyan, Mary Edith. "Beginning and spread of Buddhism in China to the T'ang dynasty," Chung Chi Journal 11:2 (October 1972):30-40.

Sato, Chisui. "The character of Yun-kang Buddhism: a look at the emergence of a state-supported religion in China under the Northern Wei," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 36 (1978):39-83.

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig. "Der Buddhismus im fruhen chinesischen Mittelalter und der Wandel der Lehensfuhrung bei der Gentry im Suden," Saeculum 23:3 (1972):269-94.

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig. "Eine Ehrenrettung fur den Suden. Pao-chih (413/25-514) und Fu Hsi (497-569)-Zwei Heilige aus dem unteren Yangtse-Tal." In Naundorf, Gert; Pohl, Karl-Heinz; Schmidt, Hans-Hermann, ed. Religion und Philosophie in Ostasien: Festscrift fur Hans Steininger zum 65. Geburtstag. Wurzburg: Konigshausen + Neumann, 1985. pp.247-265.

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig. "Das Hung-ming chi und die Aufnahme des Buddhismus in China," Munchener Ostasiatische Studien 12 (1976).

Schuster, Nancy. "Yoga-master Dharmamitra and clerical misogyny in fifth century Buddhism." Tibet Journal 9:4 (Winter 1984): 33-46.

Shinohara, Koichi. "Biographies of eminent monks in a comparative perspective: the function of the holy in medieval Chinese Buddhism." Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal 7 (July 1994): 477-500.

Sickman, Laurence. "A sixth-century Buddhist stele," Apollo (March 1973):220-5.

Tang, Yijie. "A perspective on the meaning of comparative philosophy and comparative religion studies: the case of the introduction of Indian Buddhism into China." Chinese Studies in Philosophy 15:2 (Winter 1983-84): 39-106.

Teiser, Stephen F. The Ghost Festival in Medieval China. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988. 275p.

Reviews

Campany, Robert F. History of Religions 30:4 (May 1991): 424-426.

Kleeman, Terry F. Journal of Asian Studies 49:1 (February 1990): 141-142.

Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig. Monumenta Serica 39 (1990-1991): 397-398.

Taylor, Romeyn. American Historical Review 94:5 (December 1989): 1450-1451.

ter Haar, B.J. T'oung Pao 78:4-5 (1992): 379-382.

Teiser, Stephen F. The scripture on the ten kings and the making of purgatory in medieval Chinese Buddhism. [Kuroda Institute studies in East Asian Buddhism ; 9; Studies in East Asian Buddhism ; no. 9]. Honolulu, HI : University of Hawaii Press, 1994. 340 p.

Reviews

Orzech, Charles D. Journal of religion 77:1(1997):184.

Pomeranz, Kenneth. Journal of Asian History 30:1(1996):96-7.

Tortchinov E.A. Daossko-buddiyskoe vzaimodeistvie (teoretiko-metodologicheskie problemy issledovaniya) -- Buddho-Daoist interaction (theoretical and methodological problems of research). In: Narody Azii i Afriki (Peoples of Asia and Africa), 1988, No.2.

Tsai, Kathryn Ann. Lives of the nuns: biographies of Chinese Buddhist nuns from the fourth to sixth centuries: a translation of the Pi-ch'iu-ni chuan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. 180p.

Reviews

Georgieva, V. T'oung Pao 81:4-5(1995):348-51.

Kieschnick, John. China review international 1:2 (Fall 1994):273-5.

Tsiang, Katherine R. "Monumentalization of Buddhist Texts in the Northern Qi Dynasty: The Engraving of Sutras in Stone at the Xiangtangshan Caves and Other Sites in the Sixth Century." Artibus Asiae 56:3-4 (1996):233.

Tsukamoto, Zenryu; Hurvitz, Leon. A history of early Chinese Buddhism: from its introduction to the death of Hui-yuan. Translated by Leon Hurvitz. Tokyo, New York: Kodansha International, 1985. 1305p.

Wang-Toutain, Francoise. "Le bol du Buddha : propagation du bouddhisme et legitimite politique." Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient 81(1994):59-82.

Ware, James R. "Wei Shou on Buddhism," T'oung Pao 30:1-2 (1933):100-80.

Wong, Dorothy C. "The Making of a Saint : Images of Xuanzang in East Asia." Early Medieval China 8 (2002): 43-98.

Wright, Arthur F. "Fo-t'u-teng, a biography," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 11:3-4 (1948):321-71.

Zurcher, Erik. The Buddhist conquest of China: the spread and adaptation of Buddhism in early medieval China. 2 volumes. 2nd edition, revised. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1972/1959.

Zurcher, Erik. "Eschatology and messianism in early Chinese Buddhism." In Idema, W.L., ed. Leyden studies in Sinology: papers presented at the conference held in celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Sinological Institute of Leyden University, December 8-12, 1980. Leyden: E.J. Brill, 1981. pp.34-56.

 

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Religion - Buddhism: Persecution

 

Chen, Kenneth K.S. "Anti-Buddhist propaganda during the Nan-ch'ao," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 15:1-2 (1952):162-192.

Chen, Kennth K.S. "On the factors responsible for the anti-Buddhist persecution under the Pei-ch'ao," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 17:1-2 (1954):261-73.

Dien, Albert E. "The Buddhist persecution of 572," China Buddhism 1:5 (1956):2-3.

Wright, Arthur F. "Fu I and the rejection of Buddhism," Journal of the History of Ideas 12 (1951):

 

 

Religion - Buddhism: Hui Jiao

 

Link, Arthur E. "Hui-chiao's 'Critical essay on the exegetes of the doctrine' in the Kao-seng chuan (Lives of eminent monks)." In: Nothing concealed: essays in honor of Liu Yu-yun, Frederic Wakeman, Jr., ed. pp. 51-80.

Shih, Robert, transl. Biographies des moines eminent de Houei-Kiao. Louvain: Institut orientaliste, Bibliotheque de l'Universite, 1968.

Wright, Arthur F. "Biography and hagiography: Hui-chiao's 'Lives of Eminent Monks,'" Silver Jubilee volume of the Zinbun Kagaku Kenkyusyo, Kyoto University (1954):383-432.

 

 

Religion - Buddhism: Hui Neng

 

Laycock, Steven W. "The dialectics of nothingness: reexamination of Shen-hsiu and Hui-neng." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24:1 (March 1997):19-41.

Laycock, Steven W. "Hui-neng and the transcendental standpoint." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 12:2 (June 1985): 179-196.

The sutra of Hui Neng: sutra spoken by the 6th patriarch on the high seat of the treasures of the law. Hong Kong: H.K. Buddhist Book Distributor Press, 1982. 128, 112p.

 

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Religion - Buddhism: Shi Huiyuan

 

Liebenthal, Walter. "Shih Hui-yuan's Buddhism as set forth in his writings," Journal of the American Oriental Society 70:4 (1950):243-59.

Wagner, Rudolf G. "The original structure of the correspondence between Shih Hui-yuan and Kumarajiva," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 31 (1971):28-48.

 

 

Religion - Buddhism: Zhu Daosheng

Liebenthal, Walter. "A biography of Chu Tao-sheng," Monumenta Nipponica 11:3 (1955):64-96.

Liebenthal, Walter. "The world conception of Chu Tao-sheng," Monumenta Nipponica 12 (1956-57):65-103,241-68.

 

 

Religion - Chan Buddhism

 

Chang Chung-yuan. Original Teachings of Ch'an Buddhism: Selected from the Transmission of the Lamp. By Shih Tao-yuan. Translation. New York: Grove Press, 1982. 333p.

Chappell, David W. "The teachings of the fourth Ch'an patriarch Tao-hsin (580-651)." In Lai, Whalen; Lancaster, Lewis R., ed. Early Ch'an in China and Tibet. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1983. pp.89-129.

Collcutt, Martin. "The early Ch'an monastic rule: ch'ing kuei and the shaping of Ch'an community life." In Lai, Whalen; Lancaster, Lewis R., ed. Early Ch'an in China and Tibet. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1983. pp.165-184.

Faure, Bernard. he concept of one-practice samadhi in early Ch'an." In Gregory, Peter N., ed. Traditions of meditation in Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. pp.99-128.

Faure, Bernard. Chan insights and oversights: an epistemological critique of the Chan tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993. 352p.

Reviews

Lai, Whalen. Asian philosophy 5:1(March 1995):88.

Sharf, Robert H. Journal of religion 75:2(1995):318.

Shek, Richard. Journal of Asian History 29:1(1995):98-9.

Gimello, Robert M.; Gregory, Peter N., ed. Studies in Ch'an and Hua-yen. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983. 389p.

Graham, Thomas Edward. The rhetoric of immediacy: a cultural critique of Chan/Zen Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994. 416p.

Reviews

Teiser, Stephen F. Journal of religion

Lai, Whalen; Lancaster, Lewis R., eds. Early Ch'an in China and Tibet. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1983. 450p.

Lai, Whalen. "T'an-ch'ien and the early Ch'an tradition: translation and analysis of the essay Wang-shih-fei-lun." In Lai, Whalen; Lancaster, Lewis R., eds. Early Ch'an in China and Tibet. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1983. pp. 65-87.

McRae, John R. The Northern School and the formation of early Chan Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. 44p.

Tucker, John Allen. "Nagarjuna's influence on early Hua-yen and Ch'an thought." Chinese Culture 25:2 (June 1984): 43-61.

Wu, Ching-hsiung. "Zen (Ch'an): its origin and its modern significance." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Sinology: section on thought and philosophy. Taipei: Chung Yang Yen Chiu Yuan, 1981. pp.497-508.

Zeuschner, Robert. "The understanding of Karma in early Ch'an Buddhism." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 8:4 (December 1981): 399-425.

 

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Religion - Pure Land Buddhism

 

Chappell, David W. "From dispute to dual cultivation: Pure Land responses to Ch'an critics." In Gregory, Peter N., ed. Traditions of meditation in Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. pp. 163-197.

Foard, James, Solomon, Michael, Payne, Richard K., eds. The Pure Land tradition: history and development. Berkeley: Berkeley Buddhist Studies Series, 1996. 548p.

Reviews

Nietupski, Paul. Journal of Asian Studies 57:2 (May 1998):491-4.

Lai, Whalen. "From Sakyamuni to Amitabha: the logic behind pure land devotion." Ching Feng 24:3 (September 1981): 156-174.

Tanaka, Kenneth K. "Earliest usage of Ta-ching (Daikyo) and Wang-sheng lu (Ejoron) by a non-orthodox Pure Land Buddhist: its implication for Chinese Pure Land Buddhism." Pacific World, new series 2 (Fall 1986): 63-74.

 

 

Religion - Pure Land Buddhism: Huiyuan

 

Makita, Tairyo. "Hui-yuan: his life and times," (translated by Philip Yampolsky) Zinbun 6 (1962):1-28.

Tanaka, Kenneth K. The Dawn of Chinese Pure Land Buddhist Doctrine: Ching-ying Hui-yuan's Commentary on the Visualization Sutra. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990. 304p.

Reviews

Dobbins, James C. Journal of Asian Studies 51:1 (February 1992):161-163.

 

 

Religion - Tiantai Buddhism

 

Liu, Ming-Wood. "The Lotus Sutra and Garland Sutra according to the T'ien-t'ai and Hua-yen schools in Chinese Buddhism." T'oung Pao 74:1-3 (1988): 47-80.

Magnin, Paul. La vie et l'oeuvre de Huisi (517-577): les origines de la secte bouddhique chinoise du Tiantai. Paris: Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient, 1979.

Stevenson, Daniel B. "The four kinds of samadhi in early T'ien-t'ai Buddhism." In In Gregory, Peter N., ed. Traditions of meditation in Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. pp.45-97.

 

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Religion - Manichaeism

 

Bryder, Peter. The Chinese transformation of Manichaeism: a study of Chinse Manichaean terminology. N.p.: Bokforlaget Plus Ultra, 1985. 176p.

Reviews

Mair, Victor H. T'oung Pao 73:4-5 (1987): 313-324.

Fukui, Fumimasa. "On the methodology used by Prof. Liu Ts'un-yan in his monograph entitled `Traces of Zoroastrian and Manichaean activities in Pre-T'ang China." Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 39 (1981): 71-83.

Lieu, Samuel N. C. Manichaeism in the Later Roman Empire and medieval China: a historical survey. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1985. 360p.

Reviews

Bonner, Gerald. Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies 63:2 (April 1988): 431-432.

Mair, Victor H. T'oung Pao 73:4-5 (1987): 313-324.

 

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Religion - Taoism

 

Bauer, Wolfgang. "The hermit's temptation: aspects of eremitism in China and the West in the third and early fourth century A.D." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Sinology: section on thought and philosophy. Taipei: Chung Yang Yen Chiu Yuan, 1981. pp.73-115.

Bokenkamp, Stephen R. Early Daoist scriptures. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. 502p.

Reviews

Kleeman, Terry. Journal of Asian Studies 59:1 (February 2000): 143-5.

Boltz, William G. "Notes on the authenticity of the So Tan manuscript of the Lao-tzu." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 59:3(1996):508-15.

Bumbacher, Stephan. "Early Daoist monasticism in Southern China." EACS European Association of Chinese Studies Selected Papers of the 10th Biannual Conference Prague 1994. Prague: 1996.

Cahill, Suzanne. "Performers and female Taoist adepts: Hsi Wang Mu as the patron deity of women in medieval China." Journal of the American Oriental Society 106:1 (January-March 1986): 155-168.

Chen, Guocan. "The worship of Daoist celestial deities in the kingdom of Gaochang: a study in burial customs." Early Medieval China 5 (1999):36-54.

Chen, Kenneth. "Neo-Taoism and the prajna school during the Wei and Chin dynasties." Chinese Culture 1:2 (1957).

Eichhorn, W. "Description of the rebellion of Sun En and earlier Taoist rebellions," Mitteilungen, Deutsche (Preussische) Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin/Institut fur Orientforschung 2 (1954): 325-52.

Holzman, Donald. "Les sept sages de la foret des bambous et la societe de leur temps," T'oung Pao 44 (1956):317-46.

Kaltenmark, Max. "The ideology of the T'ai-p'ing ching. In: Facets of Taoism, H. Welch and A. Seidel, eds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979. pp.19-52.

Kandel, Barbara. Taiping Jing: the origin and transmission of the 'Scripture on General Welfare'--the history of an unofficial text. [Mitteilungen, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur- und Volkerkunde Ostasiens e.V., Hamburg und Tokyo : volume 75] Hamburg : 1979.

Kobayashi, Masayoshi. "The celestial masters under the Eastern Jin and Liu-Song dynasties." Taoist Resources 3:2 (1992).

Kobayashi, Masayoshi. "The Establishment of the Taoist Religion (Tao-chiao) and Its Structure." Acta Asiatica 68 (1995): 19-36.

Kohn, Livia. Taoist mystical philosophy: the scripture of Western ascension. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991. 345p. 

Reviews

Robinet, Isabelle. T'oung Pao 78:1-3 (1992): 193-197.

Kohn, Livia. Early Chinese mysticism : philosophy and soteriology in the Taoist tradition. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1991. 219p.

Kohn, Livia. Laughing at the Tao : debates among Buddhists and Taoists in medieval China. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1995. 281 p.

Reviews

Barrett, T. H. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 59:2 (1996):402.

Bumbacher, Stephan. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft 146 (1996): 690-4.

Kirkland, Russell. Journal of Asian Studies 55:1 (1996):152-3.

Kohn, Livia. "Philosophy as scripture in the Taoist canon." Journal of Chinese Religions 20 (1992).

Kohn, Livia. "Steal holy food and come back as a viper: conceptions of karma and rebirth in medieval Daoism." Early Medieval China 4 (1998):1-48.

Kohn, Livia, ed. Taoist meditation and longevity techniques. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1989.

Kohn, Livia. Taoist mystical philosophy: the scripture of Western ascension. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991.

Lagerwey, John, tr. Wu-shang piyap, somme taoiste de VIe siecle. Paris: Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient, 1981. 291p.

Lai, Chi-Tim. "Daoism and political rebellion during the Eastern Jin dynasty." In: Politics and Religion in Ancient and Medieval Europe and China, edited by Frederick Hok-ming Cheung and Ming-chiu Lai (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1999), pp. 77-100.

Lai, Chi-Tim. "The opposition of celestial-master Taoism to popular cults during the Six Dynasties," Asia Major (Third Series) 11:1 (1998):1-20.

Ledderose, Lothar. "Some Taoist elements in the calligraphy of the Six Dynasties." T'oung Pao 70:4-5 (1984): 246-278.

Link, Arthur E. "The Taoist antecedents of Tao-an's Prajna ontology," History of Religions 9 (1969-70):181-215.

Lo, Yuet Keung. "Moving boundaries : implications for the study of mystical tests in ancient and medieval China." Journal of Oriental Studies 32:1 (1994):74-81.

Makeham, John. "He Yan, Xuanxue and the editorship of the Lunyu jijie." Early medieval China 5 (1999):1-35.

Mather, Richard B. "K'ou Ch'ien-chih and the Taoist theocracy at the Northern Wei court, 425-451." In: Facets of Taoism: essays in Chinese religion, H. Welch and A. Seidel, eds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979. pp.103-22. Also in: Second International Taoist Conference, Japan, 1972, pp. 425-51.

Miyakawa Hisayuki. "Local cults around Mt. Lu at the time of Sun En's rebellion." In: Facets of Taoism, H. Welch and A. Seidel, eds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979. pp.83- 101.

Miyakawa, Hisayuki. "The origin of Sun En's rebellion and its relation to the local cults in the Lake P'o-yang region," Second International Taoist Conference, Tateshima, Japan, 1972.

Mollier, Christine. Une apocalypse taoiste du Ve siecle: le Livre des incantations divines de grottes abyssales. Paris: College de France, Memoires de l'Institut des hautes etudes chinoises, 1990. 127p.

Reviews

Robinet, Isabelle. T'oung Pao 78:1-3 (1992): 197-199.

Mollier, Christine. "La methode de l'empereur du nord du mont Fengdu: une tradition exorciste du taoisme medieval." T'oung Pao 83:4-5 (1997):329-85.

Robinet, Isabelle. Histoire du Taoisme des origins au XIVe siecle. Paris: Cerf, 1992.

Robinet, Isabelle. Taoism: growth of a religion. Translation (by Phyllis Brooks) of Histoire du Taoisme des origins au XIVe siecle. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Reviews

Russell, T.C. Early Medieval China 5 (1999):144-50.

Robinet, Isabelle. La revelation du shangqing dans l'histoire du taoisme. 2 volumes. Paris: Ecole Francaise D'Extreme-Orient, 1984. 262 + 464p.

Robinet, Isabelle. Taoist meditation: the Mao-shan tradition of great purity. Translated by Julian F. Pas and Norman J. Girardot. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Schipper, Kristofer M. "Taoist ordination ranks in the Tunhuang manuscripts." In Naundorf, Gert; Pohl, Karl-Heinz; Schmidt, Hans-Hermann, ed. Religion und Philosophie in Ostasien: Festscrift fur Hans Steininger zum 65. Geburtstag. Wurzburg: Konigshausen + Neumann, 1985. pp.127-148.

Schipper, Kristofer. "Purity and strangers : shifting boundaries in medieval Taoism." T'oung Pao 80:1-3(1994):61-81.

Seidel, Anna. "Das neue Testament des Tao. Laotzu und die Entstehung der taoistischen Religion am Ende der Han-zeit," Saeculum; Jahrbuch fur Universalgeschichte 29 (1978):147-72.

Seidel, Anna. "The image of the perfect ruler in early Taoist messianism: Lao-tzu and Li Hung," History of Relgions 9 (1969-70):216-47.

Stein, Rolf A. "Religious Taoism and popular religion from the second to the seventh centuries." In: Facets of Taoism, Holmes Welch and A. Seidel, eds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979. pp.53-81.

Strickmann, Michel. "The Mao Shan revelations; Taoism and the aristocracy," T'oung Pao 63:1 (1977):1-64.

Strickmann, Michel. "On the alchemy of T'ao Hung-ching." In: Facets of Taoism, H. Welch and A. Seidel, eds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979. pp.123-92.

Strickmann, Michel. Le taoism du Mao Chan: chronique d'un revelation. Paris: Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient., 1981

Strickmann, Michel. "Taoism in the lettered society of the Six Dynasties," Second International Conference on Taoist Studies, Tateshima, Japan, 1972.

Strickmann, Michel. "A Taoist confirmation of Liang Wu Ti's suppression of Taoism," Journal of the American Oriental Society 98:4 (October-December 1978):467-75.

Verellen, Franciscus. [section on Taoism in] "Chinese religions: the state of the field (Part II). Living religious traditions: Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Islam and popular religion." Journal of Asian Studies 54:2 (May 1995): 322-46.

Ware, James R. "The Wei Shu and the Sui Shu on Taoism," Journal of the American Oriental Society 8:3 (1933):215-50.

Yamada Toshiaki. "The Evolution of Taoist Ritual: K'ou Ch'ien-chih and Lu Hsiu-ching." Acta Asiatica 68 (1995): 69-83.

 

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Religion - Taoism: Ge Hong

 

Bauer, Wolfgang. "Ko Hung's Rede uber die 'Kunst des Innehaltens' (Pao-p'u-tzu wai-p'ien, Kapital 49 A)." In: Asien: tradition und fortschrift; festschrift fur Horst Hammitzsch zu seinem 60. Geburtstag (edited by Lydia Brull and Ulrich Kemper, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1971), pp. 1-22.

Feifel, Eugene, transl. "Pao-p'u tzu nei-p'ien," Monumenta Serica 6:1-2 (1941):112-211; 9 (1944):1-33; 11 (1946):1-32.

Lai, Chi Tim. The Taoist vision of physical immortality: a study of Ko Hung's Pao-p'u tzu. 1995. 423p.

McNaughton, William. "Ko Hung's Lives of the Taoists," University of Denver Quarterly 12 : 64-8.

Sailey, Jay. The master who embraces simplicity: a study of the philosopher Ko Hung, A.D. 283-343. San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center, Inc., 1978.

Sivin, Nathan. "On the Pao p'u tzu ne p'ien and the life of Ko Hung," Isis 60 (1969):388-90.

Sivin, Nathan. "On the Word Taoism as a Source of Perplexity." In his: Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in Ancient China, chapter 6: "Researches and Reflections." Aldershot, Hants: Variorum,1995. See esp. pp. 323-327.

Torchinov, E.A., translator and commentary. Ge Hong. Baopuzi nei pian (Russian). St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Centre for Oriental Studies, 1999.

Torchinov, E.A. Traktat Ge Hong'a "Baopu-zi" kak istochnik dlya izucheniya daosizma perioda Liu-chao (Ge hong's "Baopu-zi" as a source for the reserches in Daoizm of the Liu-chao period). In: Aktualnye problemy izucheniya istorii religii i ateizma (Actual problems of reserches into history of religions and atheism). Leningrad: State museum of the history of religions and atheism, 1980.

Torchinov, E.A. Osnovnye napravleniya evolyutsii daosizma v period Liu-chao (po materialam traktata Ge Hong'a " Baopu-zi") -- the principal directions of the evolution of Daoism in the Liu-chao period (on the materials of Ge Hong's "Baopu-zi"). In: Dao i daosizm v Kitae (Dao and Daoism in China). Moscow: Nauka, 1982.

Torchinov, E.A. Uchenie Ge Hong'a o Dao: chelovek i priroda (Ge Hong's teaching about Dao: humankind and nature). In: Chelovek i priroda v traditsionnoi kitaiskoi kulture (People and nature in Chinese traditional culture). Moscow: Nauka, 1983.

Ware, James R., transl. Alchemy, medicine, and religion in the China of A.D. 320: the Nei p'ien of Ko Hung (Pao-p'u tzu). Cambridge: MIT Press, 1966.

 

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Religion - Taoism: Wang Bi

 

Bergeron, Marie-Ina. Wang Pi, philosophe du non-avoir. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986. 314p.

Reviews

Chang, Anne. T'oung Pao 74:4-5 (1988): 324-332.

Robinet, Isabelle. Monumenta Serica 37 (1986-1987): 371-375.

Chan, Alan K.L. Two visions of the Way: a study of the Wang Pi and the Ho-shang Kung commentaries on the Lao-Tze. New York: State University of New York Press, 1991. 314p. 

Reviews

Lo, Yuet Keung. Journal of Oriental Studies 29:2 (1991): 253-255.

Chang, Chung-yue. Wang Pi on the mind. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 9:1 (March 1982): 77-106.

Lin, Paul J. A Translation of Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching and Wang Pi's Commentary. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies, 1977.

Reviews

Welch, Holmes. Journal of Asian Studies 40:2 (February 1981): 359-361.

Lynn, Richard. The Classic of Changes: A New Translation of the I Ching, as Interpreted by Wang Bi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. [Also issued as: The I Ching on CD ROM. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. (A multi-media format, user-interactive electronic version, Windows and Macintosh compatible)].

Lynn, Richard. The Classic of the Way and Virtue: A New Translation of the Daodejing of Laozi as Interpreted by Wang Bi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

Petrov, A.A. Wang Pi, his place in the history of Chinese Philosophy. [Institute of Oriental Studies Monograph : 13] Moscow: Moscow Academy of Science, 1936.

T'ang, Yun-t'ung. "Wang Pi's new interpretation of I-ching and Lun-yu," (translated by Walter Liebenthal), Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 10 (1947):124-61.

Wagner, Rudolf G. The craft of a Chinese commentator: Wang Bi on the Laozi. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. 

Reviews

Makeham, John (review article). Early Medieval China 6 (2000):104-123.

 

 

Science and Medicine

 

Butler, Anthony R.; Glidewell, Christopher; Needham, Joseph; and Pritchard, Sharee. "Mosaic gold in Europe and China." Chemistry in Britain 19:2 (February 1983): 132-135.

Butler, Anthony R.; Glidewell, Christopher; Glidewell, Sheila M.; Pritchard, Sharee; and Needham, Joseph. "The solubilization of metallic gold and silver: explanation of two sixth-century Chinese protochemical recipes." Polyhedron 6:3 (March 1987): 483-488.

Deshpande, Vijaya. "Transmutation of base-metals into gold as described in the text Rasarnavakalpa and its comparison with the parallel Chinese methods." Indian journal of history of science 19:2 (April 1984):186-192.

Eberhard, Wolfram and Rolf Muller. "Contributions to the astronomy of the San-kuo period," Monumenta Serica 2:1 (1936). Also in Eberhard's Sternkunde und Welbild im alten China: gesammelte Ausatze (Taipei: Ch'eng-wen Publishing Co., 1970) pp. 229-44.

Franzini, Serge. "Un manuscrit medical chinois ancien conserve a Saint-Petersbourg," Journal Asiatique 281:1-2 (1993):211-24.

Glidewell, Christopher. "Ancient and medieval Chinese protochemistry: the earliest examples of applied inorganic chemistry." Journal of Chemical Education 66:8 (August 1989): 631-633.

Herzer, Ch. "Chia Szu-hsieh, der Verfasser des Ch'i-min yao- shu," Oriens Extremus 19 (1972):27-30.

Ho, Peng Yoke. The astronomical chapters of the Chin Shu, with amendments, full translations and annotations. Paris: Mouton, 1966.

Wagner, Donald B. "An early Chinese derivation of the volume of a pyramid: Liu Hui, third century A.D.," Historia Mathematica 6 (1979):164-88. 

Click here for the full text of this article.

Wagner, Donald B. "Doubts concerning the attributions of Liu Hui's commentary on the Chiu-chang suan-shu," Acta Orientalia (Copenhagen) 39 (1978):199-212.

Wagner, Donald B. "Liu Hui and Tsu Keng-chih on the volume of a sphere," Chinese science 3 (1978):59-79. 

Click here for the full text of this article.

Wagner, Donald B. "A proof of the Pythagorean theorem by Liu Hui (third century A.D.)", Historia mathematica 12 (1985):71-73. 

Click here for the full text of this article.

Wang, Kuike. "Alchemy in ancient China." In Ancient China's technology and science. Beijing: Foreign languages Press, 1983. pp. 213-228.

Yabuuchi, Kiyoshi. "The development of the sciences in China from the 4th to the end of the 12th century," Cahiers d'histoire mondiale 4:2 (1958):330-47.

 

 

Tunhuang

 

Demitova, M.I. "O lokalizatsii i migratsii kitaiskikh rukopisei buddiiskikh proizvedenii v period shesti dinastii (po materialam dyn'khuanskikh kollektsii)." In: Teoreticheskie problemy isucheniia literatur Dal'nego Vostoka (Moscow: Nauka, 1974). pp. 76-84.

Drege, Jean-Pierre. "Clefs des songes de Touen-houang." In Soymie, Michel, ed. Nouvelles contributions aus etudes de Touenhouang. Geneve: Librairie Droz, 1981. pp.205-249.

Fujieda, Akira. "Une reconstruction de la `Bibliotheque' de Touen-Houang." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981): 65-68.

Inokuchi, Taijun. "The translation of Buddhist texts at Tun-Huang." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981): 21-24.

Ishizuka, Harumichi. "The texts of Lun-Yu, with commentaries by Cheng Hsuan, discovered in Tunhuang and Turfan." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981): 101-108.

Kanaoka, Shoko. "Les etudes sur Touen-houang au Japon." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981): 21-24.

Karetzky, Patricia Eichenbaum. "Iconographical Patterns of a Spiritual Environment in the Early Caves at Dunhuang," JCR 20 (1992):103-16.

King, Yung-hua. "Some current Tunhuang projects in Taiwan and Hong Kong." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981): 25-26.

Mair, Victor H., trans. Tun-huang popular narratives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 329p.

Shih, Hsio-yen. "New problems in the Tun Huang studies." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Sinology: section of history of arts. Taipei: Chung Yang Yen Chiu Yuan, 1981. pp.211-246.

Soymie, Michel. Contributions aux etudes de Touen-houang, volume III. Paris: Ecole francaise d'Extreme-Orient, Depositaire, A.-Maisonneuve, 1984. 352p.

Tan, Chung. "A report on the 1985 conference of the Chinese Association of Dunhuang and Turfan studies at Urumqi." China Report (Delhi) 21:6 (1985): 503-507.

Wu, Hung. "What is bianxiang - on the relationship between Dunhuang art and Dunhuang literature." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 52:1 (June 1992):111-92.

 

 

Tunhuang - Art

 

Chang, Shuhong. "Art in the Mogao caves at Dunhuang." In Recent discoveries in Chinese archaeology. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1984. pp.45-48.

Fong, Wen. "Ao-t'u-hua or receding-and-protuding painting at Tun-huang." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Sinology: section of history of arts. Taipei: Chung Yang Yen Chiu Yuan, 1981. pp.73-94.

Gray, Basil. Buddhist cave paintings at Tun-huang. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959.

Whitfield, Roderick. The art of Central Asia: the Stein Collection in the British Museum: Paintings from Dunhuang. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1982. 344p.

Whitfield, Roderick. "Visions of the Buddha World: Paintings from Dunhuang." Apollo 220:269 (1984): 14-17.

Wong, Dorothy. "A Reassessment of the Representation of Mt. Wutai from Dunhuang Cave 61," Archives of Asian Art 46 (1993): 27-52.

 

 

Tunhuang - Manuscripts

 

Alekseev, V.M. "Ocherednoe publikovanie tekstov iz Dun-khuanakikh kollektsii" (Another installment of texts of the Dunhuang collection), Bibliografiia Vostokam 5-6 (1943):91-3.

Chen, Guocan; Skaff, Jonathan K., translator. "Turfan documents of the Gest Collection, Princeton University." Early Medieval China 6 (2000):74-103.

Chuguevskiy, L.I. Kitayskie dokumenty iz Dun'khuana, Chast' I (Chinese documents from Dunhuang, Part I). Moscow: Nauka (VL) Series: Monuments of Writing of the East, 1977.

Drege, Jean-Pierre. "L'analyse fibreuse des papiers et la datation des manuscrits de Dunhuang." Journal Asiatique 174:3-4 (1986): 403-417.

Drege, Jean-Pierre. "Les caracteres de l'imperatrice Wu Zetian dans les manuscrits de Dunhuang et Turfan." Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Oreint 73 (1984): 339-354.

Drege, Jean-Pierre. "Etudes formelle des manuscrits de Dunhuang conserves a Taipei: datation et authenticite." Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient 74 (1985): 477-484.

Drege, Jean-Pierre. "Notes codicologiques sur les manuscrits de Dunhuang et de Turfan." Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient 74 (1985): 485-504.

Drege, Jean-Pierre. "Papiers de Dunhuang: essai d'analyse morphologique des manuscrits chinois dates." T'oung Pao 67: 3-5 (1981):305-60.

Fujieda, Akira. "The Tun-huang manuscripts." In: Essays on the Sources for Chinese History (edited by Donald D. Leslie, Colin Mackerras and Wang Gungwu, Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1973), pp. 120-8.

Giles, Lionel. Descriptive catalogue of the Chinese manuscripts from Tunhuang in the British Museum. London: British Museum, 1957.

Giles, Lionel. Six centuries of Tunhuang: a short account of the Stein collection of Chinese mss. in the British Museum. London: China Society, 1944.

Grinstead, E.D. Title index to the descriptive catalogue of Chinese manuscripts from Tun-huang in the British Museum. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1963.

Hamilton, James. "Les manuscrits turcs anciens de la grotte muree de Touen-houang." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981):15-7.

Hou, Ching-lang. Tresors du monastere Long-hing a Touen-houang: une etude sur le manuscrit P.3432." In Soymie, Michel, ed. Nouvelles contributions aus etudes de Touenhouang. Geneve: Librairie Droz, 1981. pp.149-168.

Jao, Tsong-yi. "Le plus ancien manuscrit date (471) de la collection Pelliot chinois de Dunhuang." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981):109-18.

Kitaiskie dokumenty iz Dun'khuana. Vyp. l. Faks. Izd. tekstov, per. s kit., issledovanie i prilozheniia L.I. Chuguevskogo. Moskva: Nauka, GRVL, 1983. 560p.

Morgan, Carole. "Les `neuf palais' dans les manuscrits de Touen-houang." In Soymie, Michel, ed. Nouvelles contributions aus etudes de Touenhouang. Geneve: Librairie Droz, 1981. pp.251-260.

Pan, Chung-kwei. "La decouverte du Tchong king pie lou manuscrit de Touen-Houang." Journal Asiatique 269 (1981): 159-162.

Soymie, Michel. "Un calendier de douze jours par an dans les manuscrits de Touen-houang." Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient 69 (1981): 209-228.

Su, Ying-hui. "An analytic study of the Tun-huang manuscripts with regard to their urbane or popular tastes." Chinese Culture 27:2 (June 1986): 101-102.

Su, Ying-hui. "On the Tunhuang studies," Asia and Pacific Quarterly of Cultural and Social Affairs 5:4 (Spring 1974):34-55.

Su, Ying-hui. "On the Tunhuang studies," Chinese Culture 17:1 (March 1976):63-92.

Yamamoto Tatsuro, Ikeda On, and Okano Makoto, eds. Tun-Huang and Turfan Documents Concerning Social and Economic History, vol. 1: Legal texts. Trans. by Timothy Brook, Helen Dunstan, and Fukuda Mahito. Tokyo: Toyo Bunko, 1978-80.

Yamamoto Tatsuro. "A Tun-huang manuscript of the 6th century A.D. concerning the chun-t'ien land system," Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 18 (1959):141-52.

Yoke, Ho Peng. "A long lost astrological work: the Dunhuang MS of the Zhan yungi shu." Journal of Asian History 19:1 (1985): 1-7.